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Despite using prescribed pain medications, patients with neuropathic pain continue to experience moderate to severe pain. There is a growing recognition of a potent peripheral opioid analgesia in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The goal of this study was to characterize the temporal and spatial expression of mu opioid receptor (mOR) mRNA and(More)
CCL5 (previously called RANTES) is in the CC-chemokine family and plays a crucial role in the migration and metastasis of human cancer cells. Besides, integrins are the major adhesive molecules in mammalian cells. Here we found CCL5 increased the migration and cell surface expression of alphavbeta3 integrin in human lung cancer cells (A549 cells). CCL5(More)
Adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted predominantly by differentiated adipocytes and involved in energy homeostasis. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays important roles in osteoblastic differentiation and bone formation. However, the effects of adiponectin on BMPs expression in cultured osteoblasts are largely unknown. Here we found that adiponectin(More)
BACKGROUND Rupture of an unscarred uterus is rare, with a reported incidence of 1 in 8,000-15,000 pregnancies. We report a case occurring during labor. CASE A 33-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 0, abortion 2, was admitted at 40 weeks' gestation with ruptured membranes. Fundal pressure was applied during delivery due to maternal exhaustion. Uterine rupture(More)
Chondrosarcoma is a type of highly malignant tumor with a potent capacity to invade locally and cause distant metastasis. Chondrosarcoma shows a predilection for metastasis to the lungs. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a chemokine with a defining CXC amino acid motif, is known to possess tumorigenic and proangiogenic properties. Over-expression of IL-8 has been(More)
2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME) is an endogenous metabolite with estrogen receptor-independent anti-tumor activity. The current study seeks to determine the mechanism of anti-tumor activity of 2ME on human chondrosarcoma. 2ME caused a time- and dose-dependent cytotoxity in chondrosarcoma cells, while primary chondrocytes were minimally affected. Cells accumulated(More)
Osteosarcoma is characterized by a high malignant and metastatic potential. The chemokine stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) and its receptor, CXCR4, play a crucial role in adhesion and migration of human cancer cells. Integrins are the major adhesive molecules in mammalian cells, and has been associated with metastasis of cancer cells. Here, we(More)
Chondrosarcoma is a malignant primary bone tumor that responds poorly to both chemotherapy and radiation therapy. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol in green tea, has been shown to inhibit tumorigenesis and cancer cell growth in animal models. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of EGCG-induced apoptosis of human(More)
A cluster-based self-organizing neuro-fuzzy system (SO-NFS) is proposed for control of unknown plants. The neuro-fuzzy system can learn its knowledge base from input–output training data. A plant model is not required for training, that is, the plant is unknown to the SO-NFS. Using new data types, the vectors and matrices, a construction theory is developed(More)