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We present an efficient and reliable method for computing the unit–in–the–last–place (ulp) of a double precision floating–point number, taking advantage of the standard binary representation for floating– point numbers defined by IEEE Std 754–1985. The ulp is necessary to perform software rounding for robust rounded interval arithmetic (RIA) operations.(More)
Rutin is a bioflavonoid with strong antioxidant activity. To investigate the regulatory roles of rutin in various functions in crustaceans, we examined physiological (haemolymph glucose, lactate, and lipid) and innate non-specific immune responses (total haemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase activity (PO), respiratory bursts (release of superoxide anion,(More)
Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are a metabolite of probiotics which have gained wide interest recently, but little is known about their function. EPS was isolated from Bifidobacterium longum BCRC 14634 and sterilized by 0.22 μm filter. The proliferation of J77A.1 macrophages and their secretion of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) was(More)
To improve hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticusxO. aureus) survival under cold shock, the influence of diets containing various dietary lipids was investigated. Four different diets were used which consisted of 12% fish oil, 12% palmitoleic oil 12% coconut oil, and a mixture of fish oil (7%) and corn oil (5%). Our results showed that during cold shock, the(More)
A new anaerobic rumen fungus was isolated from the rumen fluid of a yellow cow (Bos indicus). This fungus appears to be a previously undescribed species of the genus Caecomyces, it possessing uniflagellate zoospores, a spherical holdfast, tubular sporangiophores and bulbous rhizoids. This new fungus also features distinctive multisporangiate thallus(More)
Ultraviolet C (UVC) is a DNA damage inducer, and 20 J/m(2) of UVC irradiation caused cell growth inhibition and induced cell death after exposure for 24-36 h. The growth of NIH 3T3 cells was significantly suppressed at 24 h after UVC irradiation whereas the proliferation of A431 cells was inhibited until 36 h after UVC irradiation. UVC irradiation increased(More)