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Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is an abundant acidic nuclear protein that may be involved in cell proliferation. In our search for its cellular partners, we have recently found that ProTalpha binds to linker histone H1. We now provide further evidence for the physiological relevance of this interaction by immunoisolation of a histone H1-ProTalpha complex(More)
Ultrasound-induced acoustic cavitation assists gene delivery, possibly by increasing the permeability of the cell membranes. How the cavitation dose is related to the sonoporation rate and the cell viability is still unknown and so this in vitro study quantitatively investigated the effects of cavitation induced by 1-MHz pulsed ultrasound waves and the(More)
To provide a continuous and prolonged delivery of the substrate D-luciferin for bioluminescence imaging in vivo, luciferin was encapsulated into liposomes using either the pH gradient or acetate gradient method. Under optimum loading conditions, 0.17 mg luciferin was loaded per mg of lipid with 90-95% encapsulation efficiency, where active loading was 6 to(More)
Prothymosin α (ProTα) is an abundant acidic nuclear protein that may be involved in cell proliferation. In our search for its cellular partners, we have recently found that ProTα binds to linker histone H1. We now provide further evidence for the physiological relevance of this interaction by immunoisolation of a histone H1–ProTα complex from NIH 3T3 cell(More)
A new system is presented for generating controlled tissue heating with a clinical ultrasound scanner, and initial in vitro and in vivo results are presented that demonstrate both transient and sustained heating in the mild-hyperthermia range of 37 ( degrees )C-42 ( degrees )C. The system consists of a Siemens Antares ultrasound scanner, a custom(More)
Acquisition of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) tumor phenotype is associated with impaired chemotherapeutic delivery and a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the application of therapeutic ultrasound methods available in the clinic to increase nanotherapeutic particle accumulation in epithelial and EMT tumors by labeling particles(More)
While Magnetic Resonance Thermometry (MRT) has been extensively utilized for non-invasive temperature measurement, there is limited data on the use of high field (≥7T) scanners for this purpose. MR-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a promising non-invasive method for localized hyperthermia and drug delivery. MRT based on the temperature sensitivity of(More)
The development of treatment protocols that result in a complete response to chemotherapy has been hampered by free drug toxicity and the low bioavailability of nano-formulated drugs. Here, we explore the application of temperature-sensitive liposomes that have been formulated to enhance stability in circulation. We formed a pH-sensitive complex between(More)
Ultrasound molecular imaging has great potential to impact early disease diagnosis, evaluation of disease progression and the development of target-specific therapy. In this paper, two neuropilin-1 (NRP) targeted peptides, CRPPR and ATWLPPR, were conjugated onto the surface of lipid microbubbles (MBs) to evaluate molecular imaging of tumor angiogenesis in a(More)
We report a comparison between tumor perfusion estimates acquired using contrast-enhanced MRI and motion-corrected contrast-enhanced ultrasound before and after treatment with AG-028262, a potent vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Antiangiogenic activity was determined by assessing weekly ultrasound and MRI images of rats(More)