Chun-Xiang You

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Low environmental temperatures promote anthocyanin accumulation and fruit colouration by up-regulating the expression of genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis and regulation in many fruit trees. However, the molecular mechanism by which fruit trees regulate this process in response to low temperature (LT) remains largely unknown. In this study, the(More)
Plant growth is greatly affected by low temperatures, and the expression of a number of genes is induced by cold stress. Although many genes in the cold signaling pathway have been identified in Arabidopsis, little is known about the transcription factors involved in the cold stress response in apple. Here, we show that the apple bHLH (basic(More)
Shoot-tips of 10 strawberry genotypes were successfully cryopreserved using a modified encapsulation-dehydration method. All genotypes survived cryopreservation with high survival and regeneration rates. Eight Joho single-bud sibling lines were established as a model system for genetic analysis. Although cytological examination found chromosomal variation(More)
Cytosolic NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase (cyMDH) is an enzyme crucial for malate synthesis in the cytosol. The apple MdcyMDH gene (GenBank Accession No. DQ221207) encoding the cyMDH enzyme in apple was cloned and functionally characterized. The protein was subcellularly localized to the cytoplasm and plasma membrane. Based on kinetic parameters, it(More)
Vacuole H(+)-ATPases (VHAs) are plant proton pumps, which play a crucial role in plant growth and stress tolerance. In the present study, we demonstrated that the apple vacuolar H(+)-ATPase subunit A (MdVHA-A) is highly conserved with subunit A of VHA (VHA-A) proteins from other plant species. MdVHA-A was expressed in vegetative and reproductive organs. In(More)
Cell suspensions of twelve citrus genotypes were successfully cryopreserved by vitrification. All genotypes survived cryopreservation with >90% viability and the surviving cells of some genotypes regenerated somatic embryos better than the controls. Single-cell sibling lines of cultivar Newhall were used for cytological and molecular examination. It was(More)
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) Leu zipper transcription factor MYC2 is an important regulator in the Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway. In this study, the apple MdMYC2 gene was isolated and cloned on the basis of its homology with Arabidopsis thaliana MYC2. Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis demonstrated that MdMYC2 transcripts were induced(More)
The miRNA miR172 is involved in the regulation of flowering time and floral organ development by specifically restricting the transcripts of target gene APETELA2 (AP2) transcription factors. In our study, Md-miR172e and its target genes, MdAP2 and MdAP2-1 to MdAP2-7, were isolated from the apple cultivar Royal Gala (Malus × domestica). Phylogenetic tree(More)
The microRNA miR156 is involved in the regulation of plant growth and development by specifically restricting the transcripts of target genes. In this study, the Md-miR156h gene and its target cDNA fragments, specifically, MdSPL2a-b, MdSPL4, MdSPL6a-g, MdSPL9a-b, MdSPL13a-e and MdSPL15, were isolated from the apple cultivar ‘Gala’. Phylogenetic analysis(More)
Polycomb-group (PcG) protein MULTICOPY SUPPRESSOR OF IRA1 (MSI1) protein is an evolutionarily conserved developmental suppressor and plays a crucial role in regulating epigenetic modulations. However, the potential role and function of MSI1 in fleshy fruits remain unknown. In this study, SlMSI1 was cloned and transformed into tomato to explore its function.(More)