Chun Tak Yuen

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This paper describes a comparison of the recently developed substrate 2-methoxy-4-(2'-nitrovinyl)-phenyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-gluc opyranoside (MNP-GlcNAc) and the corresponding 4-methylumbelliferyl substrate (4-MU-GlcNAc) for the determination of urinary NAG. A good correlation (r = 0.977) was found between NAG activities in 366 urine samples from(More)
Human umbilical cord endothelial cells accumulate more intracellular sorbitol in response to increased glucose concentration during in vitro incubation. This accumulation of sorbitol by endothelial cells is both concentration and time dependent. Increased concentration of sorbitol in endothelial cells may be important in the pathogenesis of diabetic(More)
N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), beta-D-galactosidase, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) were assayed in the urine of 100 normal and 112 hypertensive subjects. Age-related urinary activities for these enzymes in the normotensive control subjects are presented. A new procedure for the assay of urinary ALP using(More)
Serum monoamine oxidase, diamine oxidase and lysyl oxidase-like activity were measured in patients with granuloma annulare (GA), necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) and diabetes mellitus. In diabetes, all enzyme measurements were raised by a factor of about 2 X 2, and in NL by a factor of about 1 X 5. The rise in patients with GA was small and only significant in(More)
Neuroactivity of a number of flavonoids is mediated by modulation of type A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A)) receptor function via benzodiazepine sites, mostly as partial agonists. In the present study, 6,2'-dihydroxyflavone (DHF) was characterized for potential inverse agonistic activity, and its mechanism of action was explored for receptor subtype(More)
(1) The synthesis of 2-methoxy-4-(2'-nitrovinyl)-phenyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoside (MNP-GlcNAc) and 2-methoxy-4-(2'nitrovinyl)-phenyl beta-D-galactopyranoside (MNP-Gal) as substrates for the assay of NAG and beta-d-galactosidase are described. (2) beta-Glycosidase activities were determined in random urine samples from normal males and(More)
Baicalin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, was previously reported to exert anxiolytic-like effects in the Vogel conflict test. In the present study, the anxiolytic effects of baicalin alone and in combination with other anxiolytics were tested in mice using the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Baicalin treatment (7.5 - 30 mg/kg) significantly increased entries(More)
Analyses of transmembrane domains of proteins have revealed that aromatic residues tend to cluster at or near the lipid-water interface of the membrane. To assess protein-membrane interactions of such residues, a viable mutant library was generated of the major coat protein of bacteriophage M13 (a model single membrane-spanning protein) in which one or the(More)
Our studies of mononuclear leukocyte peripheral blood homogenates demonstrate significantly increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate-specific phosphodiesterase activity in patients with atopic dermatitis who were untreated for 1 week, compared with normal adult nonatopic control subjects. Phosphodiesterase activity is not related to the extent or activity(More)