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Estrogen has been proposed to trigger breast cancer development via an initiating mechanism involving its metabolite, catechol estrogen (CE). To examine this hypothesis, we conducted a multigenic case-control study to determine whether polymorphisms of the genes responsible for CE formation via estrogen biosynthesis (CYP17) and hydroxylation (CYP1A1) and CE(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) represent heterogeneous immunosuppressive cells in multiple cancer types and display potent immunosuppressive activity on T cells. We have shown the increased expression of IDO in breast cancer. Because IDO plays a pivotal role in immune tolerance via suppressing T cell function, the aim of this study was to(More)
The prebiotic formation of histidine (His) has been accomplished experimentally by the reacton of erythrose with formamidine followed by a Strecker synthesis. In the first step of this reaction sequence, the formation of imidazole-4-acetaldehyde took place by the condensation of erythrose and formamidine, two compounds that are known to be formed under(More)
Amplification of chromosome arm 3q is the most consistent aberration in cervical cancer, and is implicated in the progression of dysplastic uterine cervical cells into invasive cancer. The present study employed the 'positional candidate gene' strategy to determine the contribution of PIK3CA, which is located in 3q26.3, in cervical tumorigenesis. PIK3CA is(More)
SPM is a powerful technique for the comparison of functional imaging data sets among groups of patients. While this technique has been widely applied in studies of adults, it has rarely been applied to studies of children, due in part to the lack of validation of the spatial normalization procedure in children of different ages. In order to determine if(More)
The prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and viral shedding in infertile couples in Taiwan and its role in infertility were studied. Two hundred fifty couples were enrolled in this study. Anti-CMV IgG was measured in serum samples from these infertile couples. Viral shedding examined by DNA hybridization was detected in semen from the husband and(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) allows the expression of recessive mutation in tumor suppressor genes (TSG). Therefore, on the basis of Knudson's 'two-hit' hypothesis for TSG inactivation, the detection of a high LOH frequency in a chromosomal region is considered critical for TSG localization. One of these LOH regions in breast cancer is 16q22.1, which has(More)
The tumor-suppressor gene p53 acts as "the guardian of the genome", sensing DNA damage and initiating protective responses. To examine the hypothesis that p53 abnormality leads to increased genomic alterations in primary tumor cells, our study utilized 51 primary tumors of cervical carcinoma and 10 microsatellite markers. These markers were mapped to the(More)