Chun-Mei Zhang

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AIM NYGGF4 is a novel gene that is abundantly expressed in the adipose tissue of obese patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of NYGGF4 on basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes and to understand the underlying mechanisms. METHODS 3T3-L1 preadipocytes transfected with either an empty expression(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes based on both functional and structural criteria. Distinctions between the classes have heretofore been based on general features, such as the position of aminoacylation on the 3'-terminal tRNA ribose, and the topology and tRNA-binding orientation of the active-site protein fold. Here we show instead(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder accompanied with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease; despite being a common condition, the pathogenesis of PCOS remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate the potential metabolic profiles for different phenotypes of PCOS, as(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize a novel gene, Homo sapiens LYR motif containing 1 (LYRM1), that is highly expressed in omental adipose tissue of obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS RT-PCR and western blot analysis confirmed that both mRNA and protein levels of LYRM1 were higher in omental adipose tissue of obese subjects than in normal weight subjects. RT-PCR(More)
The activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has been implicated in the development and progression of endometriosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential application of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a potent NF-κB inhibitor, in the treatment of endometriosis. NF-κB-DNA-binding activity, IκB phosphorylation and expression of nuclear(More)
Deleterious 1-methyladenine (1-meA) and 3-methylcytosine (3-meC) lesions are introduced into nucleic acids by methylating agents. It was recently demonstrated that the E. coli AlkB protein and a human homolog, hABH3, can demethylate these lesions both in DNA and RNA. To elucidate the biological significance of the RNA repair, we have tested whether such(More)
Visceral obesity is an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome, and abnormal fat accumulation is linked to increases in the number and size of adipocytes. MiR-146b was a miRNA highly expressed in mature adipocytes while very lowly expressed in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human visceral preadipocytes (vHPA). In this paper, we mainly(More)
Homo sapiens LYR motif containing 1 (LYRM1) is a recently discovered gene involved in adipose tissue homeostasis and obesity-associated insulin resistance. The exact mechanism by which LYRM1 induces insulin resistance has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that the overexpression of LYRM1 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes resulted in reduced(More)
The crystal structure of Escherichia coli cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase (CysRS) bound to tRNA(Cys) at a resolution of 2.3 A reveals base-specific and shape-selective interactions across an extensive protein-RNA recognition interface. The complex contains a mixed alpha/beta C-terminal domain, which is disordered in the unliganded enzyme. This domain makes(More)
Hyperglycemia and high free fatty acids (FFAs) are two well-known characteristics of type 2 diabetes, and are also implicated in the etiology of insulin resistance. However, their roles in mitochondrial dysfunction of white adipocytes are not well-studied. In this study, we investigated the effects of high glucose (25 mM), high free fatty acids (FFAs, 1mM),(More)