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The central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) is a major site of synaptic interaction in the central auditory system. To understand how ICC neurons integrate excitatory and inhibitory inputs for processing temporal information, we examined postsynaptic responses of ICC neurons to repetitive stimulation of the lateral lemniscus at 10-100 Hz in rat(More)
Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were made from neurons in a brain slice preparation of the inferior colliculus in 11-15-day-old rat pups. Synaptic responses were elicited by applying a current pulse to the lateral lemniscus just below the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus. To examine GABAergic inhibition in the inferior colliculus all excitatory(More)
The synaptic mechanisms underlying excitation in the rat's central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) were examined by making whole-cell patch clamp recordings in brain slice preparations of the auditory midbrain. Responses were elicited by current pulse stimulation of the lateral lemniscus and recordings were made in ICC using either current clamp or(More)
Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were made from neurons in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) in brain slices from rat (8-13 days old). ICC neurons were classified by their discharge pattern in response to depolarizing and hyperpolarizing current injection. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were elicited by stimulation of synaptic(More)
Glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was tested for its ability to prevent hearing and sensory cell loss in guinea pigs exposed to acoustic trauma. Hearing was measured prior to any treatment. Animals were exposed to damaging levels of noise either before or after local application of GDNF to one ear. Four weeks later, hearing and sensory cell loss was(More)
Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were made from ICC neurons in brain slices of 9-16 day old rats. Postsynaptic currents were evoked by electrical stimulation of the lemniscal inputs. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were isolated pharmacologically by blocking GABA(A) and glycine receptors. EPSCs were further dissected into AMPA and NMDA(More)
Organolead halide perovskites have attracted substantial attention because of their excellent physical properties, which enable them to serve as the active material in emerging hybrid solid-state solar cells. Here we investigate the phototransistors based on hybrid perovskite films and provide direct evidence for their superior carrier transport property(More)
We propose a model for jointly predicting stock price and volume at the tick-by-tick level. We model the investors' preferences by a random utility model that incorporates several important behavioral biases such as the status quo bias, the disposition effect, and loss-aversion. Our model is a logistic regression model with incomplete information;(More)