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To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) that affect body shape in common carp Cyprinus carpio, a linkage map, 2159·23 cM long, was constructed with a total of 307 markers covering 51 linkage groups (LG). The map included 167 new single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers derived from expressed sequence tags (EST) together with 140 microsatellite markers(More)
We used integrin alphaLbeta2 heterodimers containing I domains locked open (active) or closed (inactive) with disulfide bonds to investigate regulatory interactions among domains in integrins. mAbs to the alphaL I domain and beta2 I-like domain inhibit adhesion of wild-type alphaLbeta2 to intercellular adhesion molecule-1. However, with alphaLbeta2(More)
Mitochondrial respiration and oxidative phosphorylation are gradually uncoupled, and the activities of the respiratory enzymes are concomitantly decreased in various human tissues upon aging. An immediate consequence of such gradual impairment of the respiratory function is the increase in the production of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations and impaired respiratory function have been demonstrated in various tissues of aged individuals. We hypothesized that age-dependent increase of ROS and free radicals production in mitochondria is associated with the accumulation of large-scale mtDNA deletions. In this study, we first confirmed that the proportion of mtDNA(More)
PC12-GFRalpha1 cells, a clonal cell line engineered to express glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor receptor alpha1 were constructed. Given glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor could induce the differentiation and promote the survival of PC12-GFRalpha1 cells at low concentrations, the cells provide an unlimited source of monoclonal cells for(More)
The integrin alphaLbeta2 has three different domains in its headpiece that have been suggested to either bind ligand or to regulate ligand binding. One of these, the inserted or I domain, has a fold similar to that of small G proteins. The I domain of the alphaM and alpha2 subunits has been crystallized in both open and closed conformations; however, the(More)
The adhesiveness of integrins is regulated through a process termed "inside-out" signaling. To understand the molecular mechanism of integrin inside-out signaling, we generated K562 stable cell lines that expressed LFA-1 (alpha(L)beta(2)) or Mac-1 (alpha(M)beta(2)) with mutations in the cytoplasmic domain. Complete truncation of the beta(2) cytoplasmic(More)
The cysteine-rich repeats in the stalk region of integrin beta subunits appear to convey signals impinging on the cytoplasmic domains to the ligand-binding headpiece of integrins. We have examined the functional properties of mAbs to the stalk region and mapped their epitopes, providing a structure-function map. Among a panel of 14 mAbs to the beta(2)(More)
The silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) is a lepidopteran insect with a long history of significant agricultural value. We have constructed the first amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) genetic linkage map of the silkworm B. mori at a LOD score of 2.5. The mapping AFLP markers were genotyped in 47 progeny from a backcross population of the cross no. 782 x(More)
Regulation of cytoskeletal structure and dynamics is essential for multiple aspects of cellular behavior, yet there is much to learn about the molecular machinery underlying the coordination between the cytoskeleton and its effector systems. One group of proteins that regulate microtubule behavior and its interaction with other cellular components, such as(More)