Learn More
Sarcolemma-associated neuronal NOS (nNOS) plays a critical role in normal muscle physiology. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the loss of sarcolemmal nNOS leads to functional ischemia and muscle damage; however, the mechanism of nNOS subcellular localization remains incompletely understood. According to the prevailing model, nNOS is recruited to the(More)
Sarcoglycans are a group of single-pass transmembrane glycoproteins. In striated muscle, sarcoglycans interact with dystrophin and other dystrophin-associated proteins (DAPs) to form the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex (DGC). The DGC protects the sarcolemma from contraction-induced injury. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by dystrophin(More)
The success of many gene therapy applications hinges on efficient whole body transduction. In the case of muscular dystrophies, a therapeutic vector has to reach every muscle in the body. Recent studies suggest that vectors based on adeno-associated virus (AAV) are capable of body-wide transduction in rodents. However, translating this finding to large(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated microdystrophin gene therapy holds great promise for treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Previous studies have revealed excellent skeletal muscle protection. Cardiac muscle is also compromised in DMD patients. Here we show that a single intravenous injection of AAV serotype-9 (AAV-9) microdystrophin vector(More)
Limited packaging capacity has hampered adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene therapy for many common genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Trans-splicing AAV (tsAAV) vectors double AAV packaging capacity but their transduction efficiency has been too low to be useful. We have recently overcome this hurdle(More)
A cure for dystrophin-deficient muscular dystrophy requires treating both skeletal muscle and the heart. Whereas mosaic dystrophin expression has been shown to protect skeletal muscle, controversy exists over whether mosaic expression is protective in the heart. We have shown recently that mosaic dystrophin expression prevents stress-induced heart damage in(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) affects both skeletal and cardiac muscle. It is currently unclear whether the strategies developed for skeletal muscle can ameliorate cardiomyopathy. Synthetic mini-/micro-dystrophin genes have yielded impressive skeletal muscle protection in animal models. The 6-kb DeltaH2-R19 minigene is particularly promising because it(More)
Intrusion detection Systems(IDS) can produce large amount of alert data which usually possesses the characteristics of high redundancy and high repetition. Such kind of data makes the event processing for network security significantly difficult. Current cluster algorithms use cluster center to calculate the distance which leads to fairly big calculation(More)
  • 1