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Ammonia oxidation plays a pivotal role in the cycling and removal of nitrogen in aquatic ecosystems. Recent findings have expanded the known ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes from Bacteria to Archaea. However, the relative importance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) in nitrification is still debated. Here we showed that,(More)
The coupled nitrification-denitrification process plays a pivotal role in cycling and removal of nitrogen in aquatic ecosystems. In the present study, the communities of ammonia oxidizers and denitrifiers in the sediments of 2 basins (Guozhenghu Basin and Tuanhu Basin) of a large urban eutrophic lake (Lake Donghu) were determined using the ammonia(More)
The impacts of different nutrient additions (N + P, N + P + C, 4N + P, 4N + P + C, N + 2P) on the growth of algae and bacteria were studied in a microcosm experiment. Since alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) provides an indication of phosphorus deficiency, the higher value for algal APA in the treatments with excess nitrogen and for bacterial APA in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Post-translational modifications of lysine residues of histones can result in a series of functional changes. Lysine 79 of histone H3 (H3K79) can be methylated specifically by the Dot1 family of histone lysine methyltransferases. Although multiple developmental abnormalities in Dot1L-deficient mouse embryos have been studied, the biological(More)
Although megaprimer PCR mutagenesis has been used routinely in protein directed evolution, users sometimes encounter technical hurdles, particularly inefficiency during amplification when large fragments are used or the template is difficult to be amplified. Instead of methodology development, here we simply overcome the limitation by optimizing megaprimer(More)
Based on theories of H-infinity filter and sigma point transformation, a sigma point H-infinity filter method is proposed. The error model of marine strapdown inertial navigation system on the swaying base is nonlinear, whereas the azimuth angle is large. Because during the deduct of the error model higher order terms are neglected, and the practical noises(More)
To reveal phosphorus (P) release pathways from sediment and their mechanisms induced by organic matter enrichment, 116 sampling sites (including surface water and sediment) in 29 shallow lakes with different eutrophic degrees in Wuhan city, China, were investigated from July 2011 to November 2011. Empirical relationship and structural equation model(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are flourishing in the investigation of cell reprogramming. However, we still know little about the sequential molecular mechanism during somatic cell reprogramming (SCR). Here, we first observed rapid generation of colonies whereas mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were induced by OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 (OSK), and vitamin(More)
Nanometric and monodisperse starch acetate nanospheres can be prepared through a simple procedure of nanoprecipitation, by the dropwise addition of water to an acetone solution of starch acetate, without any stabilizing agent. This is the first report of the preparation of starch-based nanospheres by this method. The size of the nanospheres obtained can be(More)