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This study tested the hypothesis that multiple sterilizations of endodontic stainless-steel and nickel-titanium files will lead to a continuous decrease in the resistance of files to separation by torsion. One hundred stainless-steel and 100 nickel-titanium #30 K-type files were divided into 20 groups of 10 and sterilized in increments of 10 cycles, using a(More)
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the apical seal provided by thermoplasticized root canal obturations depends on the film thickness of the sealer used. The root canals of 120 maxillary cuspid teeth were instrumented and divided into six equal groups of 20 teeth. A thermoplasticized gutta-percha root canal obturator was used to(More)
Raman spectroscopy was used for experimental research on D2 signal to noise ratio (SNR) under different conditions. The 32 mW Ar+ laser was injected into the Raman quartz glass cells to study the effect of grating, laser power, exposure time and the gas pressure on D2 Raman spectra SNR. D2 Raman spectral signal to noise ratio is proportional to the laser(More)
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