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CO2 chemoreception may be related to modulation of inward rectifier K+ channels (Kir channels) in brainstem neurons. Kir4.1 is expressed predominantly in the brainstem and inhibited during hypercapnia. Although the homomeric Kir4.1 only responds to severe intracellular acidification, coexpression of Kir4.1 with Kir5.1 greatly enhances channel sensitivities(More)
BACKGROUND Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is the standard treatment for muscle-invasive and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BCa). Large series with long-term oncologic data after laparoscopic RC (LRC) are rare. OBJECTIVE To report oncologic outcomes of LRC for 171 cases with a median 3-yr follow-up. (More)
ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels are activated by several vasodilating hormones and neurotransmitters through the PKA pathway. Here, we show that phosphorylation at Ser1387 of the SUR2B subunit is critical for the channel activation. Experiments were performed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing the cloned Kir6.1/SUR2B channel. In whole(More)
People with Rett syndrome (RTT) have breathing instability in addition to other neuropathological manifestations. The breathing disturbances contribute to the high incidence of unexplained death and abnormal brain development. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the breathing abnormalities remain unclear. To test the hypothesis that the central(More)
SecA is an essential component of the Sec-dependent protein translocation pathway across cytoplasmic membranes in bacteria. Escherichia coli SecA binds to cytoplasmic membranes at SecYEG high affinity sites and at phospholipid low affinity sites. It has been widely viewed that SecYEG functions as the essential protein-conducting channel through which(More)
Depsipeptide, a cyclic peptide (FR), isolated from Chrombacterium violaceum strain WB968 by Fujisawa Company during a screening program for anti-oncogene agents, possesses potent antitumor activity against human tumor cell lines and xenografts. This compound has been selected for preclinical and early clinical development by the National Cancer Institute.(More)
Chronic hypoxia is the most common cause of secondary pulmonary hypertension, for which the mechanisms are still unclear. Recent studies implicated an important role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in hypoxia-mediated responses in various cellular processes, including cell apoptosis and proliferation. Therefore, we hypothesized that these regulatory molecules might(More)
Rett syndrome caused by mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (Mecp2) gene shows abnormalities in autonomic functions in which brain stem norepinephrinergic systems play an important role. Here we present systematic comparisons of intrinsic membrane properties of locus coeruleus (LC) neurons between Mecp2(-/Y) and wild-type (WT) mice. Whole cell current(More)
In the paper, a novel three-port channel drop filter in two dimensional photonic crystals (2D PCs) with a wavelength-selective reflection micro-cavity is proposed. In the structure, two micro-cavities are used. One is used for a resonant tunneling-based channel drop filter. The other is used to realize wavelength-selective reflection feedback in the bus(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) couple intermediary metabolism to cellular activity, and may play a role in the autoregulation of vascular tones. Such a regulation requires cellular mechanisms for sensing O2, CO2, and pH. Our recent studies have shown that the pancreatic KATP isoform (Kir6.2/SUR1) is regulated by CO2/pH. To identify the vascular KATP(More)