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It is thought that circadian rhythms may influence learning and memory processes. However, research supporting this view does not dissociate a mnemonic impairment from other performance deficits. Furthermore, published reports do not specify the type of memory system influenced by the circadian system. The present study assessed the effects of phase(More)
In human beings and animal models, cognitive performance is often impaired in natural and experimental situations where circadian rhythms are disrupted. This includes a general decline in cognitive ability and fragmentation of behavioural rhythms in the aging population of numerous species. There is some evidence that rhythm disruption may lead directly to(More)
A 14-year-old Chinese boy with a normal perinatal and early developmental history presented at 5 years of age with migraine, intractable epilepsy, ataxia, supraventricular tachycardia, paralytic ileus and progressive mental deterioration. Computerized tomography revealed multiple cerebral infarcts in the parieto-occipital region without basal ganglial(More)
We studied the in vivo cerebral metabolites and documented the presence of MECP2 gene mutations in six Chinese females with Rett syndrome. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy spectra from the frontal lobe (gray and white matter) and deep gray nuclei (basal ganglia and thalamus) of either side were obtained. N-acetylaspartate/total creatine, choline/total(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency is a rare neurotransmitter disorder affecting the rate-limiting step in catecholamine biosynthesis. There are about 40 cases reported worldwide. Here, we report the biochemical and molecular findings of eight unrelated Chinese patients with tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency. We have identified eight novel mutations with 5(More)
Five cases of paediatric stroke are reported. Two patients presented with idiopathic stroke, another following vertebral artery dissection, one secondary to Moyamoya disease, and one patient with the syndrome of mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes. The presentation, investigation, and management of paediatric stroke are(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between platelet count and serum valproic acid level, age, duration of valproic acid therapy, and polytherapy, and to determine the clinical significance of thrombocytopenia associated with high-dosage valproic acid therapy. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Residential unit for neurologically impaired(More)
Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) is an autosomal dominant disorder typically presenting as dystonia with diurnal variability. Described is an 8-year-old boy who had had waddling gait, generalized hypotonia, and proximal weakness since early childhood. He responded well to low-dose L-dopa. He had a point mutation of the GTP cyclohydrolase I gene. The patient's(More)
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis is a rare neurologic disorder characterized by sudden attacks of brief involuntary dyskinetic movement that are precipitated by voluntary movement. A 14-year-old male who presented with frequent brief attacks of hemidystonia triggered by sudden movement is reported. Investigations, including video electroencephalogram(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used historically in the treatment of cerebral palsy (CP). We investigated the efficacy of acupuncture in improving the motor function of children with CP. METHODS A randomised control trial was conducted to assess the effect of tongue acupuncture (TAC) in 33 CP children. The subjects were randomised(More)