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In order to elucidate the dose-response relationship between ingested inorganic arsenic and internal cancers, a total of 263 patients with blackfoot disease and 2293 healthy residents in the endemic area of arseniasis were recruited and followed up for 7 years. The information on consumption of high-arsenic artesian well water, sociodemographic(More)
Trivalent arsenic (arsenite, As3+) is a human carcinogen, which is associated with cancers of skin, lung, liver, and bladder. However, the mechanism by which arsenite causes cancer is not well understood. In this study, we found that exposure of Cl 41 cells, a well characterized mouse epidermal cell model for tumor promotion, to a low concentration of(More)
Cortactin, a filamentous actin cross-linking protein and a substrate of Src protein tyrosine kinase, is phosphorylated at tyrosine residues upon stimulation by extracellular signals. We have previously demonstrated that the filamentous actin cross-linking activity of cortactin is attenuated by Src (Huang, C., Ni, Y., Gao, Y., Haudenschild, C. C., and Zhan,(More)
This study examined the association of diabetes with the onset of dementia (including Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VD) and any dementia) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by using a quantitative meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for articles published up to December 2010. All studies that examined the(More)
Cortactin, a prominent substrate for pp60(c-src), is a filamentous actin (F-actin) binding protein. We show here that cortactin can promote sedimentation of F-actin at centrifugation forces under which F-actin is otherwise not able to be precipitated. Electron microscopic analysis after negative staining further revealed that actin filaments in the presence(More)
Retinoic acid is one of the most promising drugs for chemotherapy and chemoprevention of cancer. Either blocking activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity or activating retinoic acid response element (RARE) have been proposed to be responsible for its antitumor activity. However, evidence for this hypothesis is lacking in vivo studies. To address this issue, we(More)
Vanadium is a metal widely distributed in the environment. Although vanadate-containing compounds exert potent toxic effects on a wide variety of biological systems, the mechanisms controlling vanadate-induced adverse effects remain to be elucidated. The present study investigated the vanadate-induced p53 activation and involvement of reactive oxygen(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2 and 4 are cell surface receptors that in association with CD14 enable phagocytic inflammatory responses to a variety of microbial products. Activation via these receptors triggers signaling cascades, resulting in nuclear translocation of NF-kappa B and a proinflammatory response including TNF-alpha production. We investigated(More)
All mammals produce heparin, a negatively charged glycosaminoglycan that is a major constituent of the secretory granules of mast cells which are found in the peritoneal cavity and most connective tissues. Although heparin is one of the most studied molecules in the body, its physiological function has yet to be determined. Here we describe transgenic mice,(More)
Arsenic has been used as an effective chemotherapy agent for some human cancers, such as acute promyelocytic leukemia. In this study, we found that arsenic induces activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) at a similar dose range for induction of apoptosis in JB6 cells. In addition, we found that arsenic did not induce p53-dependent transactivation.(More)