Chun-Hua Lin

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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor activated by dioxin and polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Recent studies have revealed that AhR activity in central neurons depends on the NMDA receptor. In this study, we investigated how the neuronal activity influence AhR-mediated dioxin-responsive gene expression and neurotoxicity.(More)
Previously, we reported that l-glutamic acid decarboxylase isoform 65 (GAD65) could be cleaved in vitro to release a stable truncated form which lacks amino acid 1-69 from the N-terminus, GAD65(Delta1-69). However, whether such a truncated form is also present under certain physiological conditions remains elusive. In the present study, we showed that, upon(More)
Taurine has potent protective function against glutamate-induced neuronal injury presumably through its function in regulation of intracellular free calcium level, [Ca2+]i. In this communication, we report that taurine exerts its protective function through one or more of the following mechanisms: 1. Inhibition of glutamate-induced calcium influx through(More)
NMDA receptors play dual and opposing roles in neuronal survival by mediating the activity-dependent neurotrophic signaling and excitotoxic cell death via synaptic and extrasynaptic receptors, respectively. In this study, we demonstrate that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), also known as the dioxin receptor, is involved in the expression and the(More)
Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is the rate-limiting enzyme for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) biosynthesis. Previously, we reported the presence of truncated forms of GAD in vivo and in vitro. In addition, an unidentified endogenous protease responsible for proteolytic cleavage of full-length GAD (fGAD) to its truncated form (tGAD) was also observed. In(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates peripheral immunity; but its role in microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in the brain remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that AhR mediates both anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated microglia. Activation of AhR by its ligands, formylindolo[3,2-b]carbazole (FICZ)(More)
Growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) is known to regulate axon growth, but whether it also plays a role in synaptogenesis remains unclear. Here, we found that GAP43 regulates the aggregation of gephyrin, a pivotal protein for clustering postsynaptic GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs), in developing cortical neurons. Pharmacological blockade of either protein(More)
We cultured a P19 mouse teratocarcinoma cell line and induced its neuronal differentiation to study the function of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluRs) in early neuronal development. Immunocytochemical studies showed 85% neuronal population at 5 days in vitro (DIV) with microtubule-associated protein 2-positive staining. Thirty percent and 50% of the(More)
UNLABELLED Growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43), a protein kinase C (PKC)-activated phosphoprotein, is often implicated in axonal plasticity and regeneration. In this study, we found that GAP43 can be induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rat brain astrocytes both in vivo and in vitro. The LPS-induced astrocytic GAP43 expression was mediated(More)
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