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The photocatalytic disinfection of pathogenic bacteria in water was investigated systematically with AgI/TiO2 under visible light (lambda > 420 nm) irradiation. The catalyst was found to be highly effective in killing Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The adsorbed *OH and hVB+ on the surface of the catalyst were proposed to be the main active(More)
Nuclear receptors are a large family of transcription factors that play major roles in development, metamorphosis, metabolism and disease. To determine how, where and when nuclear receptors are regulated by small chemical ligands and/or protein partners, we have used a 'ligand sensor' system to visualize spatial activity patterns for each of the 18(More)
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (A. flos-aquae), a cyanobacterium frequently encountered in water blooms worldwide, is source of neurotoxins known as PSPs or aphantoxins that present a major threat to the environment and to human health. Although the molecular mechanism of PSP action is well known, many unresolved questions remain concerning its mechanisms of(More)
Four filamentous cyanobacteria, Microcoleusvaginatus, Phormidium tenue,Scytonemajavanicum (Kutz.) and Nostoc sp., and asingle-celled green alga, Desmococcus olivaceus, allisolated from Shapotou (Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China), were batchcultured and inoculated onto unconsolidated sand in greenhouse and fieldexperiments. Their ability to reduce wind(More)
This study investigated the changes in lipid and starch contents, lipid fraction, and lipid profile in the nitrogen-starved Scenedesmus obtusus XJ-15 at different temperatures (17, 25, and 33 °C). The optimal temperature for both growth and lipid accumulation under nitrogen-sufficient condition was found to be 25 °C. However, under nitrogen deprivation, the(More)
Ag/AgBr/TiO2 was prepared by the deposition-precipitation method and was found to be a novel visible light driven photocatalyst. The catalyst showed high efficiency for the degradation of nonbiodegradable azodyes and the killing of Escherichia coli under visible light irradiation (lambda>420 nm). The catalyst activity was maintained effectively after(More)
The degradation of four pharmaceutical compounds (PhACs), ibuprofen (IBU), diphenhydramine (DP), phenazone (PZ), and phenytoin (PHT) was investigated via ultraviolet (UV) photolysis and UV/H(2)O(2) process with a low-pressure (LP) UV lamp. For each PhAC tested, direct photolysis quantum yields at 254 nm were found to be ranging from 6.32 x 10(-2) to 2.79 x(More)
This study attempted to connect the dots between laboratory research and the outdoors. Chlorella sp. NJ-18 was selected among seven oil-producing algae cultivated in this study because it had the highest lipid productivity. The nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations for cultivating this Chlorella strain were optimized indoors. This strain was incubated(More)
In this study, we found that UV-B radiation decreased photosynthetic activity and boosted lipid peroxidation of desert Nostoc sp., and exogenous chemicals (ascorbate acid (ASC), N-acetylcysteine (NAC), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP)) had obvious protective effects on photosynthesis and membranes under UV-B radiation. High-concentration SNP boosted the(More)
AgBr was creatively immobilized on a magnetic substrate (SiO(2)-coated Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticle, SFN) to achieve magnetic separation after visible light-driven photocatalytic oxidation (PCO). The resulted Ag/AgBr/SFN was characterized by TEM, vibrating sample magnetometer and other techniques. It is found that the average diameter of the Ag/AgBr/SFN particle(More)