Chun-Hsien Chen

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Areca (betel) was recently proved a carcinogenic substance by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. However, the signaling impact of areca in oral keratinocyte is still obscure. Mitogen-activated protein kinase superfamilies, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and p38, together with transcription(More)
We report the results of atomic force microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, and molecular dynamics (MD) calculations for amyloid fibrils formed by residues 109-122 of the Syrian hamster prion protein (H1). Our data reveal that H1 fibrils contain no more than two beta-sheet layers. The peptide strands of(More)
Due to the large volume of data related to vessels, to manually pore through and to analyze the information in a bid to identify potential maritime threat is tedious, if at all possible. This study aims to enhance maritime situational awareness through the use of computational intelligence techniques in detecting anomalies. A knowledge discovery system(More)
Salmonellae are ubiquitous human pathogens, which pose a danger to the elderly and children. Due to the increased number of outbreaks of human illness associated with the consumption of contaminated products in the USA and many other countries, there is an urgent need to develop rapid assays to detect common food-borne pathogens. This study demonstrates the(More)
The importance of customer requirement management in product development has been well recognized in both academia and industries alike. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research in this field. Customer requirement management entails various issues related to requirement elicitation, analysis and specification, as well as(More)
Gold clusters stabilized by chemisorbed monolayers of octane-, dodecaneor hexadecanethiolate have been investigated in solution and in the solid phase. These materials can be pumped free of solvent to form a dark brown solid that can be re-dissolved in nonpolar solvents. Their exceptional stability suggests they be viewed as cluster compounds. The(More)
Reported here is an efficient recognition of K+ by 15-crown-5 functionalized gold nanoparticles in aqueous matrix containing physiologically important cations, such as Li+, Cs+, NH4+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and excess amount of Na+. Upon exposure to K+, the colloidal solution changes from red to blue, in response to surface plasmon absorption of dispersed and(More)
A novel species of spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsia, Rickettsia spp. IG-1, was identified and isolated from adult Ixodes granulatus ticks collected from Orchid Island (Lanyu), an islet located in southeastern Taiwan. Serum samples collected from the rodent host Rattus losea and SFG-positive human serum reacted with IG-1 using an immunofluorescence assay(More)
In this paper, a computational model of fuzzy reliability focusing on solving the engineering problems with random general stress–fuzzy general strength is presented. The mathematical basis of this computational model is that the fuzzy probability can be computed with the computational method of conventional probability by use of a mathematical transition.(More)
This study has developed two interfaces to connect small-size thin-layer chromatography (TLC) with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ES-MS) for the continuous analysis of organic mixtures. The interfaces are (1) two bound optical fibers inserted into the C18-bonded particles at the exit of a small TLC channel and (2) a small commercial TLC strip(More)