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Using an indirect fluorescent antibody test, immunofluorescence of large spirochetes was observed with serum from swine that had recovered from swine dysentery. The spirochetes were obtained from scrapings of the colonic mucosa on the first day of diarrhea which was the time when the spirochete population was observed to be the highest. Of 29 exposed(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma are key regulators of lipid homeostasis and insulin resistance. In this study, we characterize the pharmacological profiles of PAR-5359, a dual agonist of PPARalpha and gamma with well-balanced activities. In transient transactivation assay, PAR-5359(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma is known to be a key regulator of insulin resistance. PAR-1622 is a novel small molecule compound synthesized in Dong-A research center. In this study, we characterized the pharmacological profiles of PAR-1622, a selective partial activator of PPARgamma. In transient transactivation assays, PAR-1622(More)
Gramicidin, a linear polypeptide with antiviral and antimicrobial properties, was compared in vitro with a commonly used spermicidal detergent-nonoxynol-9 (N9). The inhibition of sperm functions was evaluated by computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) for sperm motility, in cervical mucus penetration assay, and by colorimetric tetrazolium salt and lactate(More)
This review analyzes in vitro spermicidal tests that have been used to evaluate the spermicidal activity of contraceptive products. Special requirements and processes in numerous technologies were also reviewed. Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) was used as an example of a vaginally delivered spermicidal agent, and its spermicidal potency was compared by various(More)
Aryl-tetrahydropyridine derivatives were prepared and their PPARalpha/gamma dual agonistic activities were evaluated. Among them, compound (S)-5b was identified as a potent PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist with an EC(50) of 1.73 and 0.64 microM in hPPARalpha and gamma, respectively. In diabetic (db/db) mice, compound (S)-5b showed good glucose lowering efficacy(More)
Novel benzamide derivatives were synthesized and tested at in vitro assay by measuring fold increase of glucokinase activity at 5.0 mM glucose concentration. Among the prepared compounds, YH-GKA was found to be an active glucokinase activator with EC(50) of 70 nM. YH-GKA showed similar glucose AUC reduction of 29.6% (50 mg/kg) in an OGTT study with C57BL/J6(More)
A direct fluorescent antibody test was developed for the identification of large spirochetes which are considered to be the cause of swine dysentery. Sera from swine which had recovered from swine dysentery and had been hyperimmunized by the intravenous and intraperitoneal injection of filtered spirochetes were used for conjugation with fluorescein(More)
By using an indirect fluorescent antibody test (with immunofluorescence of large spirochetes as positive), serum antispirochete antibodies were detected initially at 4 weeks after onset of diarrhea in swine exposed to infective swine dysentery inoculum. Antibodies continued to be present in serum of swine tested 5 months after onset of diarrhea.