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Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are involved in detoxification of many potentially carcinogenic compounds. The homozygous deletions or null genotypes of GSTT1 (theta class) and GSTM1 (mu class) genes may be associated with an increased risk of cancer. Few studies have evaluated the relationship between GSTT1, GSTM1 and the risk of gastric cancer, as(More)
Objectives: In a population-based case–control study in Yangzhong, China, we investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of GSTP1 and susceptibility to gastric cancer and its premalignant lesion, chronic gastritis. The possible gene–gene interactions between GSTP1 polymorphisms and GSTM1, GSTT1 genes were explored. Methods: Epidemiologic(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF superfamily, and has been identified as a novel mediator of fatty liver disease (FLD). The aim of our study was to further investigate the relationship between TRAIL and FLD. We found that soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) concentrations in non-alcoholic FLD (NAFLD) patients(More)
Fibulin-4 and -5 are extracellular glycoproteins with essential non-compensatory roles in elastic fiber assembly. We have determined how they interact with tropoelastin, lysyl oxidase, and fibrillin-1, thereby revealing how they differentially regulate assembly. Strong binding between fibulin-4 and lysyl oxidase enhanced the interaction of fibulin-4 with(More)
Considerable evidence supports that the CD4(+) T cell-mediated immune response contributes to the development of atherosclerotic plaque. However, the effects of Th17 cells on atherosclerosis are not thoroughly understood. In this study, we evaluated the production and function of Th17 and Th1 cells in atherosclerotic-susceptible ApoE(-/-) mice. We observed(More)
To elucidate the physiological significance of MEK5 in vivo, we have examined the effect of mek5 gene elimination in mice. Heterozygous mice appear to be healthy and were fertile. However, mek5(-/-) embryos die at approximately embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5). The phenotype of the mek5(-/-) embryos includes abnormal cardiac development as well as a marked(More)
The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway mediates stress responses in cells. JNK activity is regulated by a protein kinase cascade consisting of a MAPK kinase (MKK) and a MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK). beta-Arrestin-2 acts as a scaffold by directly binding to the JNK3 isoform and also by recruiting MKK4 and(More)
Both the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex and alpha7beta1 integrin have critical roles in the maintenance of muscle integrity via the provision of mechanical links between muscle fibres and the basement membrane. Absence of either dystrophin or alpha7 integrin results in a muscular dystrophy. To clarify the role of alpha7 integrin and dystrophin in muscle(More)
Intrusion detection systems based on a hybrid approach have attracted considerable interest from researchers. Hybrid classifiers are able to provide improved detection accuracy, but usually have a complex structure and high computational costs. In this research, we propose a new and easy-to-implement hybrid learning method, named distance sum-based support(More)
TIM-1, a member of T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain (TIM) gene family, was implicated as an asthma susceptibility gene in previous studies. TIM-1 was expressed on CD4(+) T cells after activation and its expression was sustained preferentially in T-helper type 2 (T(H)2) but not in T(H)1 cells, therefore TIM-1 became a good candidate gene for(More)