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During development of figs on Ficus hispida, only the female floral stage is receptive to its pollinator Ceratosolen solmsi marchali. After this stage, the quantity of fig odor decreases. The effects of F. hispida volatiles from receptive figs (figs at the female floral stage, when they are pollinated) and interfloral figs (between the female floral and(More)
Heavy metals that leach from contaminated soils under acid rain are of increasing concern. In this study, simulated acid rain (SAR) was pumped through columns of artificially contaminated purple soil. Column leaching tests and sequential extraction were conducted for the heavy metals Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn to determine the extent of their leaching as well as to(More)
BACKGROUND Seasonal and regional differences have been reported for the increase in short-term mortality associated with a given increase in the concentration of outdoor particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm (PM(10) mortality coefficient). Some of this difference may be because of seasonal and regional differences in indoor(More)
Site-specific determination of DNA methylation and assay of MTase activity can be used for determining specific cancer types, providing insights into the mechanism of gene repression, and developing novel drugs to treat methylation-related diseases. Herein, we develop a simple and highly sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) biosensing platform for site-specific(More)
BACKGROUND City-to-city differences have been reported for the increase in short-term mortality associated with a given increase in ozone concentration (ozone mortality coefficient). Although ozone concentrations are monitored at central outdoor locations, a large fraction of total ozone exposure occurs indoors. OBJECTIVES To clarify the influence of(More)
Dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) are at high risk of occupational exposure to droplets and aerosol particles emitted from patients' mouths during treatment. We evaluated the effectiveness of an air cleaner in reducing droplet and aerosol contamination by positioning the device in four different locations in an actual dental clinic. We applied computational(More)
Transition metal complexes Mn(L(1))(2) (1), Mn(L(2))(2) (2), Co(L(3))(2)Cl 4H(2)O (3), Zn(L(3))(2) DMF (4), Co(HL(4))(2)(ClO(4))(2) 3H(2)O (5) and Zn(L(5))(2) DMF (6) where HL(1)=2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone, HL(2)=2-acetylpyridine N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone, HL(3)=2-benzoylpyridine thiosemicarbazone, HL(4)=2-benzoylpyridine(More)
A supramolecular double network hydrogel is presented by physical interpenetration of DNA and cucurbit[8]uril networks. In addition to exhibiting an increase in strength and thermal stability, the double network hydrogel possesses excellent properties such as stretchability, ductility, shear-thinning, and thixotropy. Moreover, it is enzymatically responsive(More)
Maintaining positive pressure indoors using mechanical ventilation system is a popular control method for preventing the entry of outdoor airborne particles. The idea is, as long as the supply air flow rate is larger than return air flow rate, the pressure inside the ventilated room should be positive since the superfluous air flow must exfiltrate from air(More)