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Loading or filling nanostructures with antibiotics can be one of the relevant approaches for obtaining a controlled drug release rate. Vertically aligned silicon nanowire (SiNW) arrays with 10-40 nm diameter wires having 1-3 microm in length obtained by the electroless etching (EE) technique are used in this study as novel nanostructures for mediating drug(More)
Surface engineering approaches that alter the topological chemistry of a substrate could be used as an effective tool for directing cell interactions and their subsequent function. It is well known that the physical environment of nanotopography has positive effects on cell behavior, yet direct comparisons of nanotopographic surface chemistry have not been(More)
Surface engineering approaches that alter the physical topography of a substrate could be used as an effective tool and as an alternative to biochemical means of directing stem cell interactions and their subsequent differentiation. In this paper we compare hydrophobic micro- vs. nanopillar type fabrication techniques for probing mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)(More)
An increased risk of late stent thrombosis associated with polymer carriers on the surface of drug-eluting stents remains one of the challenges in cardiovascular stent technology, which has instigated a renewed interest in the polymer-less, bare metal stent approach. As thrombus formation is most likely augmented by the lack of endothelial cell coverage at(More)
We report the systematic study of 3D ZnO/Si branched nanowire (b-NW) photoelectrodes and their application in solar water splitting. We focus our study on the correlation between the electrode design and structures (including Si NW doping, dimension of the trunk Si and branch ZnO NWs, and b-NW pitch size) and their photoelectrochemical (PEC) performances(More)
We report the fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) branched nanowire (NW) heterostructures, consisting of periodically ordered vertical Si NW trunks and ZnO NW branches, and their application for solar water splitting. The branched NW photoelectrodes show orders of magnitudes higher photocurrent compared to the bare Si NW electrodes. More interestingly,(More)
Silicon is one of the most important materials for modern electronics, telecom, and photovoltaic (PV) solar cells. With the rapidly expanding use of Si in the global economy, it would be highly desirable to reduce the overall use of Si material, especially to make the PVs more affordable and widely used as a renewable energy source. Here we report the first(More)
One of the most challenging but potentially rewarding goals in nanoscience is the ability to direct the assembly of nanoscale materials into functional architectures with high yields, minimal steps, and inexpensive procedures. Despite their unique physical properties, the inherent difficulties of engineering wafer-level arrays of useful devices from(More)