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BACKGROUND People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Thailand face tremendous challenges, including HIV-related stigma, lack of social support, and mental health issues such as depression. This study aims to examine complex relationships among demographics, HIV-related stigma, and social support and their impact on depression among PLWHA in Thailand. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined findings from a randomized controlled intervention trial designed to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in Thailand. METHODS A total of 507 people living with HIV were recruited from 4 district hospitals in northern and northeastern Thailand and were randomized to an intervention group (n = 260) or a standard care(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a major problem worldwide, is usually transmitted parenterally or by use of contaminated needles among intravenous-drug users (IVDU). In a cross-sectional study, demographic data were collected and behaviour patterns investigated in interviews with 453, consenting IVDU. Blood samples were collected from each interviewee(More)
Diarrhea remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among children in Thailand, with >1 million cases reported in 2002. In anticipation of the development of vaccines against rotavirus, we evaluated the disease burden associated with rotavirus infection in Thai children and evaluated the rotavirus serotypes now circulating in Thailand. Diarrhea(More)
Family and social relationships are important structural supports in Thailand that are likely to influence the health and mental health of persons living with HIV (PLH). Structural equation modeling examined these relationships among 409 PLH in two communities in Thailand. Latent variables were constructed for most outcomes and mediators, with adherence to(More)
The importance of antiretroviral therapy adherence for patients living with HIV/AIDS has been well documented. Despite this critical need, many do not follow prescribed regimens. To examine the barriers that lead to non-adherence, we used cross-sectional survey data from a randomized controlled intervention trial in northern and north-eastern Thailand. Of(More)
In January 2008, we investigated a cluster of neonates with bullous impetigo in a hospital of northern Thailand in order to control the outbreak and identify a potential source of the infection. We reviewed medical records and working timetables of healthcare workers (HCWs) and conducted a case-control study. We performed an environmental study and took(More)
To provide baseline incidence data of intussusception among Thai children under 5 years old, outpatient and inpatient records from 2001 to 2006 from five hospitals were reviewed. 112 cases of intussusception were identified, confirmed by either ultrasonography (65%), radiology procedure (32%) or surgery (3%). Common presenting symptoms were vomiting, mucous(More)
Rotavirus remains the most common cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea among children worldwide. Several rotavirus vaccines are under development. Decisions about new vaccine introduction will require reliable data on disease impact. The Asian Rotavirus Surveillance Network, begun in 2000 to facilitate collection of these data, is a regional collaboration(More)
Herbal containing medicine consumption has increased while the awareness of adverse drug reaction (ADR) was less than conventional medicine. Early detection of unexpected numbers of ADRs from herbal medicines' reports which are abnormal from the whole database needs quantification. Disproportionality analysis has been performed for signal detection by using(More)