Chuleeporn Jiraphongsa

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INTRODUCTION Beginning in late 2003, a substantial outbreak of influenza A (H5N1) virus spread among poultry in Thailand. On January 23, 2004, the Ministry of Public Health (MPH) detected the first confirmed human case of H5N1 infection in humans. METHODS During February-November 2004, the MPH's Bureau of Epidemiology and provincial health offices worked(More)
The importance of antiretroviral therapy adherence for patients living with HIV/AIDS has been well documented. Despite this critical need, many do not follow prescribed regimens. To examine the barriers that lead to non-adherence, we used cross-sectional survey data from a randomized controlled intervention trial in northern and north-eastern Thailand. Of(More)
Rotavirus remains the most common cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea among children worldwide. Several rotavirus vaccines are under development. Decisions about new vaccine introduction will require reliable data on disease impact. The Asian Rotavirus Surveillance Network, begun in 2000 to facilitate collection of these data, is a regional collaboration(More)
BACKGROUND People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Thailand face tremendous challenges, including HIV-related stigma, lack of social support, and mental health issues such as depression. This study aims to examine complex relationships among demographics, HIV-related stigma, and social support and their impact on depression among PLWHA in Thailand. METHODS(More)
Diarrhea remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among children in Thailand, with >1 million cases reported in 2002. In anticipation of the development of vaccines against rotavirus, we evaluated the disease burden associated with rotavirus infection in Thai children and evaluated the rotavirus serotypes now circulating in Thailand. Diarrhea(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a major problem worldwide, is usually transmitted parenterally or by use of contaminated needles among intravenous-drug users (IVDU). In a cross-sectional study, demographic data were collected and behaviour patterns investigated in interviews with 453, consenting IVDU. Blood samples were collected from each interviewee(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined findings from a randomized controlled intervention trial designed to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in Thailand. METHODS A total of 507 people living with HIV were recruited from 4 district hospitals in northern and northeastern Thailand and were randomized to an intervention group (n = 260) or a standard care(More)
To provide baseline incidence data of intussusception among Thai children under 5 years old, outpatient and inpatient records from 2001 to 2006 from five hospitals were reviewed. 112 cases of intussusception were identified, confirmed by either ultrasonography (65%), radiology procedure (32%) or surgery (3%). Common presenting symptoms were vomiting, mucous(More)
BACKGROUND In Cambodia, epidemiology and disease burden of leptospirosis were not addressed as they do not have an existing surveillance system and have limitations on their laboratory diagnosis. OBJECTIVE Define the existence of leptospirosis and determine the antibodies to serovars of leptospires in Cambodia. MATERIAL AND METHOD One hundred and(More)
On 26 December 2004, a tsunami devastated the west coast of Thailand and caused 8457 injuries and 5395 deaths. Data were collected from 26 December 2004 to 31 January 2005 at four public hospitals to describe the character and treatment of wounds of 523 persons who were injured during tsunami and sought medical treatment. Wounds were contaminated with mud,(More)