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Colony PCR and semi-nested PCR techniques were employed for screening polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producers isolated from the environment. Three degenerate primers were designed based on multiple sequence alignment results and were used as PCR primers to detect PHA synthase genes. Optimized colony PCR conditions were achieved by adding 3% DMSO combined with(More)
The low-temperature electron microscope, which preserves aqueous structures as solid water at liquid nitrogen temperature, was used to image the alveolar lining layer, including surfactant and its aqueous subphase, of air-filled lungs frozen in anesthetized rats at 15-cmH2O transpulmonary pressure. Lining layer thickness was measured on cross fractures of(More)
BACKGROUND Large-scale partial sequencing of cDNA libraries to generate expressed sequence tags (ESTs) is an effective means of discovering novel genes and characterizing transcription patterns in different tissues. To catalogue the identities and expression levels of genes in the cardiovascular system, we initiated large-scale sequencing and analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND In Taiwan, from April to July, 1998, an epidemic of hand, foot, and mouth disease associated with enterovirus 71 (EV71) occurred with fatal complications. We did a clinical study of EV71-related diseases in Taiwan. METHODS We studied 154 children with virus-culture confirmed EV71 infection. Children were divided into three groups: 11 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children 10 years after a mass hepatitis B vaccination program was begun in Taiwan. DESIGN Cross-sectional seroprevalence survey. SETTING Cheng-Chung/Chung-Cheng District, Taipei, Taiwan, 1994. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Serum samples from 1515 healthy children younger than 12(More)
Our previous studies have shown that endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces an initial relaxation followed by a contraction in the guinea-pig ileum. To test whether other ET isopeptides (ET-2, ET-3, vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC) and sarafotoxin S6b) and big ET-1, the ET-1 precursor, also induce similar biphasic responses, we compared their effects in isolated(More)
The effects of a toxic phospholipase A2 (Fr.Cb) isolated from the venom of Pseudocerastes fieldi were studied on the chick biventer cervicis muscle and the mouse phrenic nerve--diaphragm preparations. In the chick muscle, Fr.Cb (10 micrograms/ml) caused complete neuromuscular blockade without producing contracture or affecting the response of the muscle to(More)
The developmental expression of the individual components of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in pigs was examined. Serum IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels were low during fetal life and increased during postnatal development. Levels of mRNAs encoding these proteins were not greater for liver than for nonhepatic tissues (skeletal(More)
Enigma proteins are proteins that possess a PDZ domain at the amino terminal and one to three LIM domains at the carboxyl terminal. They are cytoplasmic proteins that are involved with the cytoskeleton and signal transduction pathway. By virtue of the two protein interacting domains, they are capable of protein-protein interactions. Here we report a study(More)
Mitochondria play a crucial role in the induction and execution of apoptosis. Accordingly, recent suggestions have been made to use agents that directly act on mitochondria to trigger apoptosis so that drug-sensitive and-resistant tumour cells can be eliminated. To test this hypothesis, human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 and its derivative R-HepG2 with doxorubicin(More)