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The nuclear hormone receptor PPARγ is activated by several agonists, including members of the thiazolidinedione group of insulin sensitizers. Pleiotropic beneficial effects of these agonists, independent of their blood glucose-lowering effects, have recently been demonstrated in the vasculature. PPARγ agonists have been shown to lower blood pressure in(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy persists regarding the appropriate initiation timing of renal replacement therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. We evaluated the effect of dialysis initiation timing on clinical outcomes. Initiation times were classified according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS We enrolled a total of 1691 adult patients(More)
Improving the ability of the kidney to tolerate ischemic injury has important implications. We investigated the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) treatment on subsequent ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and evaluated the role of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 in rHuEPO-induced renal protection. rHuEPO (3000 U/kg) was administered 24 h before(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is a multifactorial process characterized by a progressive decline in physiological function. Decreased kidney function is associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality. Therefore, increasing our insight into kidney aging by understanding the anatomic, physiologic, and pathologic changes of aging in the kidney is important to prevent(More)
The timing of referral to a nephrologist may influence the outcome of chronic kidney disease patients, but its impact has not been evaluated thoroughly. The results of a recent study showing an association between early referral and patient survival are still being debated. A total of 1028 patients newly diagnosed as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) from July(More)
Cyclosporine (CsA) has improved patient and graft survival rates following solid-organ transplantation and has shown significant clinical benefits in the management of autoimmune diseases. However, the clinical use of CsA is often limited by acute or chronic nephropathy, which remains a major problem. Acute nephropathy depends on the dosage of CsA and(More)
Our study was performed to determine whether cardiac autonomic neuropathy can predict deterioration of the renal function in normoalbuminuric, normotensive people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). One hundred and fifty-six normoalbuminuric, normotensive people with type 2 DM were included in our retrospective longitudinal study. We categorized normal(More)
Hypoalbuminemia frequently occurs in Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS), but clinical significance of hypoalbuminemia is not well known. This study was designed to evaluate hypoalbuminemia as a marker of severity of disease in patients with HFRS. We evaluated the relationship between the level of serum albumin and clinical parameters representing(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and/or plasmapheresis (PP) are effective in preventing antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) of kidney allografts, but AMR is still a problem. This study reports our experience in living donor renal transplantation in highly sensitized patients. Ten patients with positive crossmatch tests or high levels of panel-reactive(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of dialysis modality on survival is still somewhat controversial. Given possible differences in patients' characteristics and the cause and rate of death in different countries, the issue needs to be evaluated in Korean cohorts. METHODS A nationwide prospective observational cohort study (NCT00931970) was performed to compare(More)