Learn More
BACKGROUND Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) of the radial artery is associated with early failure of radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in haemodialysis patients. Therefore, non-invasive measurements of radial artery IMT before AVF operations are very important in predicting AVF patency. This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy of(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is related to the pathogenesis of renal hemodynamics in diabetes mellitus. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism is considered the deterioration factor for progressive renal disease. It has been reported that an interaction of angiotensin II (Ang II) and NO is involved in the control of glomerular(More)
BACKGROUND In 2009, the Oxford classification was developed as a pathological classification system for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) to predict the risk of disease progression. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and pathologic relevance of the Oxford classification in Korean patients with a pathologic diagnosis of IgAN.(More)
BACKGROUND The signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are important molecular components responsible for ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the kidneys. Preconditioning with cyclosporine A (CsA) or FK506 reduces subsequent I/R injury. We studied the effect of preconditioning with CsA or FK506 on MAPK expression in ischemic rat(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy persists regarding the appropriate initiation timing of renal replacement therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. We evaluated the effect of dialysis initiation timing on clinical outcomes. Initiation times were classified according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS We enrolled a total of 1691 adult patients(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of the ratio between interleukin-17 (IL-17) secreting cell and FOXP3-positive regulatory T cell (FOXP3(+) Treg) infiltration in renal allograft tissues with acute T-cell-mediated rejection (ATCMR). Fifty-six patients with biopsy-proven ATCMR were included. Infiltration of FOXP3(+) Treg and(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can protect bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients from the lethal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) development. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs in aGVHD remain to be elucidated. The immunoregulatory properties of MSCs are mediated by their production of anti-inflammatory(More)
The nuclear hormone receptor PPARγ is activated by several agonists, including members of the thiazolidinedione group of insulin sensitizers. Pleiotropic beneficial effects of these agonists, independent of their blood glucose-lowering effects, have recently been demonstrated in the vasculature. PPARγ agonists have been shown to lower blood pressure in(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of serum ferritin on prognosis in patients starting hemodialysis (HD) is not fully elucidated. METHODS A prospective cohort of 946 incident HD patients from 26 dialysis centers in Korea was selected for this study. Patients were divided into tertiles according to natural logarithm (Ln) ferritin concentrations. RESULTS During a(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of dialysis modality on survival is still somewhat controversial. Given possible differences in patients' characteristics and the cause and rate of death in different countries, the issue needs to be evaluated in Korean cohorts. METHODS A nationwide prospective observational cohort study (NCT00931970) was performed to compare(More)