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Prevalence of antibody to Neospora caninum (NC) in Japanese dogs were examined. The antibody was positive in 15 of 48 dogs (31.3%) reared in the dairy farms that had case of the abortions due to NC infection or had the cattle seropositive to NC, whereas the prevalence was 7.1% (14 of 198 dogs) among the dogs kept in urban areas. In one dog breeder, all 17(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the clinical results of arthroscopically assisted single and double bundle tibial inlay reconstructions of an isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury. METHODS This study reviewed the data for 14 patients who underwent a single bundle tibial inlay PCL reconstruction (Group A) and 16 patients who underwent a double(More)
Neospora caninum was isolated from the brain of a 2-year-old dairy cow that had aborted confirmed N. caninum-infected fetuses on two occasions. The cow had an indirect fluorescent antibody titer of 1:1600 to N. caninum. The cow was killed 24 days after its second abortion and the brain was bioassayed for N. caninum in nude mice. Multifocal areas of(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess right ventricular (RV) performance during left heart bypass (LHB) and to determine the optimum LHB driving conditions to preserve RV performance. LHB was established with a centrifugal pump in eight mongrel dogs weighing 11-19 kg. Failing heart models were induced by normothermic aortic clamping for 20 min. RV volume(More)
Intranasally inoculated neurotropic influenza viruses in mice infect not only the respiratory tract but also the central nervous system (CNS), mainly the brain stem. Previous studies suggested that the route of invasion of virus into the CNS was via the peripheral nervous system, especially the vagus nerve. To evaluate the transvagal transmission of the(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, Gustilo Anderson grade IIIb open tibial fractures have been treated by initial wide wound debridement, stabilization of fracture with external fixation, and delayed wound closure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of staged treatment using negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for(More)
Virulent or avirulent strains of type A influenza virus were inoculated into the allantoic cavities of chicken embryos. The antigens of virulent strains appeared initially in the surface epithelium of the allantoic membrane, then in vascular endothelial cells of the chorioallantoic membrane and visceral organs of the embryos, and then spread to parenchymal(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to introduce our technique of arthroscopic excision of the os trigonum in the lateral decubitus position through anterolateral, centrolateral, and posterolateral portals and also to investigate the safety and clinical results of this technique. METHODS Between May 2007 and May 2011, 23 ankles of 23 consecutive(More)