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Two classes of modern missing data procedures, maximum likelihood (ML) and multiple imputation (MI), tend to yield similar results when implemented in comparable ways. In either approach, it is possible to include auxiliary variables solely for the purpose of improving the missing data procedure. A simulation was presented to assess the potential costs and(More)
We recently reported the purification of a lymphocyte granule protein called "fragmentin," which was identified as a serine protease with the ability to induce oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation and apoptosis (Shi, L., R. P. Kraut, R. Aebersold, and A. H. Greenberg. 1992. J. Exp. Med. 175:553). We have now purified two additional proteases with fragmentin(More)
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. Insulin, which is secreted by pancreatic beta cells, is recognized as the critical regulator of blood glucose, but the molecular machinery responsible for insulin trafficking remains poorly defined. In particular, the roles of cytosolic factors that govern the formation and maturation of(More)
The trafficking of AMPA-type glutamate receptors to and from synapses is an important mechanism underlying synaptic plasticity, a cellular model of learning and memory. PICK1 (protein interacts with C-kinase 1) is a peripheral membrane protein that interacts with AMPA receptors and regulates their trafficking. PICK1 contains a PDZ (PSD-95/Dlg/ZO1) domain(More)
Granzyme B (GranB), a serine protease stored in the granules of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells, can initiate target cell apoptosis. To produce large amounts of purified active enzyme, recombinant murine granzyme B (rGranB) was expressed from baculovirus in insect cells. The expressed rGranB is secreted into the culture medium and can be(More)
In the CNS, synapse formation and maturation play crucial roles in the construction and consolidation of neuronal circuits. Neurexin and neuroligin localize on the opposite sides of synaptic membrane and interact with each other to promote the assembly and specialization of synapses. However, the excitatory synapses induced by the neurexin-neuroligin(More)
Kex2 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a transmembrane, Ca2+-dependent serine protease of the subtilisin-like pro-protein convertase (SPC) family with specificity for cleavage after paired basic amino acids. At steady state, Kex2 is predominantly localized in late Golgi compartments and initiates the proteolytic maturation of pro-protein precursors(More)
X-ray structures of trypsin from bovine pancreas inactivated by diphenyl [N-(benzyloxycarbonyl)amino](4-amidinophenyl)methanephosphonate [Z-(4-AmPhGly)P(OPh)2] were determined at 113 and 293 K to 1.8 angstrom resolution and refined to R factors of 0.211 (113 K) and 0. 178 (293 K). The structures reveal a tetrahedral phosphorus covalently bonded to the O(More)
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