Chuck J. Biddle

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Fever is a normal adaptation in response to a pyrogenic stimulus resulting in the generation of cytokines and prostaglandins. Fever differs from hyperpyrexia and hyperthermia associated with hot environs and pharmacological triggers. Typically, pyrogens are infectious organisms or their direct products (toxins). The body produces a wide array of pyrogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Hand hygiene (HH) is poor in the health care environment representing a major public health concern. HH compliance is poorly studied in anesthesia providers who contribute extensively to nosocomial infection. The rate of HH opportunities and compliance by these providers was studied using embedded, clandestine observers. We aimed to quantify HH(More)
Directives to improve patient outcomes and enhance safety within the healthcare system have led to development of technologies to assist practitioners in a variety of activities. The purpose of this study was to explore and evaluate a method for examining the effect of computer-assisted decision making (CADM) using a handheld device on the accuracy (ie,(More)
The purpose of this article is to clarify the decision points that are important to consider when evaluating the ethics of a placebo-controlled trial. The ethical requirements for research involving human subjects are reviewed, and the rationale for and potential problems with concomitant placebo control are explained. A series of case discussions are used(More)
Anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) are rapidly gaining widespread acceptance. Aggressively promoted as an improvement to manual-entry recordkeeping systems (MERS) in the areas of accuracy, quality improvement, billing and vigilance, these systems record all patient vital signs and parameters, providing a legible hard copy and permanent(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure the concentration of fentanyl in human colostrum after intravenous administration of an analgesic dose. Thirteen healthy women were given fentanyl 2 micrograms.kg-1 for analgesic supplementation during either Caesarean section or postpartum tubal ligation. Serum and colostrum were collected for 45 min, two, four,(More)
The study of anesthesia risk is fraught with methodological challenges and the epidemiological uncertainty peculiar to anesthesia: the true frequency of anesthetic mortality is unknown. If anesthesia mortality is as rare as 1 in 200,000 cases, the sample needed to study this phenomenon would be enormous. Existing studies provide insights to the genesis of(More)
We hypothesized that our institutional standard practice for preanesthesia equipment checkout, based in part on US Food and Drug Administration recommendations, failed to detect a significant number of faults (absent or nonfunctional equipment). We designed a new, computer-based, highly interactive electronic checklist that emulated the checklist methods(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if journals' instructions for authors require that manuscripts being considered for publication indicate that studies involving human subjects had appropriate institutional review board (IRB) approval. DESIGN A descriptive study of the ethical guidelines published in the Instructions for Authors sections of the 102 English-language(More)