Chuck C.-K. Chao

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Growth arrest-specific (gas) genes are expressed preferentially in cells that enter a quiescent state. gas7, which we identified in serum-starved murine fibroblasts, is reported here to be expressed in vivo selectively in neuronal cells of the mature cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum. gas7 transcripts encode a 48-kDa protein containing a(More)
Taxol is a mitotoxin widely used to treat human cancers, including of the breast and ovary. However, taxol resistance (txr) limits treatment efficacy in human patients. To study chemoresistance in ovarian cancer, we established txr ovarian carcinoma cells derived from the SKOV3 cell lineage. The cells obtained were cross-resistant to other mitotoxins such(More)
Gas7, a growth-arrest-specific protein, is expressed preferentially in the brain and is required for neurite outgrowth in cultured cerebellar and peripheral murine neurons. Gas7 interacts with F-actin and colocalizes with the terminal part of actin microfilament in cells in which membrane outgrowth is present. Gas7 isoforms were discovered in murine brain(More)
BACKGROUND Growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) has previously been shown to be involved in neurite outgrowth in vitro; however, its actual role has yet to be determined. To investigate the physiological function of Gas7 in vivo, here we generated a Gas7-deficient mouse strain with a labile Gas7 mutant protein whose functions are similar to wild-type Gas7.(More)
Efficient control of cell survival and cell proliferation is critical for the development of neuron cells. Earlier, we observed that growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) plays a role in controlling neuritogenesis in mammals. In the present study, we report that the Gas7b isoform is involved in controlling growth arrest and apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells(More)
Gas7, a growth arrest-specific gene originally isolated from serum-starved mouse fibroblast cells, is expressed in vivo predominantly in the brain and is required for neurite formation in cultured mouse cerebellar neurons (Ju et al. [1998] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 11423-11428). Here we report that Gas7 plays a key role in the morphological(More)
A systematic analysis of the genes involved in taxol resistance (txr) has never been performed. In the present study, we created txr ovarian carcinoma cell lines to identify the genes involved in chemoresistance. Transcriptome analysis revealed 1,194 overexpressed genes in txr cells. Among the upregulated genes, more than 12 cryptic transcription factors(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into osteoblasts and lead to bone formation in the body. Osteoblast differentiation and bone development are regulated by a network of molecular signals and transcription factors induced by several proteins, including BMP2, osterix, and Runx2. We recently observed that the growth-arrest-specific 7 gene (Gas7)(More)
Growth arrest-specific 7 (Gas7) is preferentially expressed in the nervous system and plays an important role during neuritogenesis in mammals. However, the structure and function of Gas7 homologs have not been studied in nonmammalian vertebrates used as models. In this report, we identify a Gas7 gene in zebrafish that we termed zfGas7. The transcript of(More)
The growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) is expressed primarily in the brain and is necessary for the formation of neurite in cultured cerebellar preneurons. The endogenous rat Gas7 (rGas7) is transiently elevated before nerve growth factor-promoted neurite outgrowths emerge in cultured PC12 cells. We report three Gas7 isoforms (a, b, and c) in rat tissues.(More)