Chuck C.-K. Chao

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Growth arrest-specific (gas) genes are expressed preferentially in cells that enter a quiescent state. gas7, which we identified in serum-starved murine fibroblasts, is reported here to be expressed in vivo selectively in neuronal cells of the mature cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum. gas7 transcripts encode a 48-kDa protein containing a(More)
Human HeLa cells resistant to cisplatin were established by stepwise selection. The selected cells showed a 15- to 20-fold cisplatin resistance (CPR) at the dose level resulting in 50% inhibition. These cells were cross-resistant to mitomycin C, melphalan, and ethyl methanesulfonate but not to Adriamycin, colchicine, or vinblastine. The expression of(More)
Taxol is a mitotoxin widely used to treat human cancers, including of the breast and ovary. However, taxol resistance (txr) limits treatment efficacy in human patients. To study chemoresistance in ovarian cancer, we established txr ovarian carcinoma cells derived from the SKOV3 cell lineage. The cells obtained were cross-resistant to other mitotoxins such(More)
BACKGROUND Growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) has previously been shown to be involved in neurite outgrowth in vitro; however, its actual role has yet to be determined. To investigate the physiological function of Gas7 in vivo, here we generated a Gas7-deficient mouse strain with a labile Gas7 mutant protein whose functions are similar to wild-type Gas7.(More)
We have recently isolated a functional promoter encoding the human polypeptide-binding protein (BiP) gene from Burkitt's lymphoma cells by polymerase chain reaction (The EMBL Data Library accession number X59969, 1991). This promoter DNA segment (termed BiP670) was fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene and expressed in(More)
A systematic analysis of the genes involved in taxol resistance (txr) has never been performed. In the present study, we created txr ovarian carcinoma cell lines to identify the genes involved in chemoresistance. Transcriptome analysis revealed 1,194 overexpressed genes in txr cells. Among the upregulated genes, more than 12 cryptic transcription factors(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into osteoblasts and lead to bone formation in the body. Osteoblast differentiation and bone development are regulated by a network of molecular signals and transcription factors induced by several proteins, including BMP2, osterix, and Runx2. We recently observed that the growth-arrest-specific 7 gene (Gas7)(More)
A nuclear protein that recognizes UV-damaged DNA was detected from HeLa cells using DNA-binding assay. Treatment of cells with Ca2+ ionophore (A23187) caused a dramatic inhibition of the damage-recognition activity. In contrast, in vitro treatment of nuclear extracts with agents that affect protein conformation (such as urea, NP40 and Ca2+) did not(More)
In this study, we show that silencing of CITED2 using small-hairpin RNA (shCITED2) induced DNA damage and reduction of ERCC1 gene expression in HEK293, HeLa and H1299 cells, even in the absence of cisplatin. In contrast, ectopic expression of ERCC1 significantly reduced intrinsic and induced DNA damage levels, and rescued the effects of CITED2 silencing on(More)
A previous genome-wide screening analysis identified a panel of genes that sensitize the human non-small-cell lung carcinoma cell line NCI-H1155 to taxol. However, whether the identified genes sensitize other cancer cells to taxol has not been examined. Here, we silenced the taxol-sensitizer genes identified (acrbp, atp6v0d2, fgd4, hs6st2, psma6, and(More)
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