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The location and mechanisms responsible for the carbon sink in northern mid-latitude lands are uncertain. Here, we used an improved estimation method of forest biomass and a 50-year national forest resource inventory in China to estimate changes in the storage of living biomass between 1949 and 1998. Our results suggest that Chinese forests released about(More)
It has been reported that the miR-106b∼25 cluster, a paralog of the miR-17∼92 cluster, possesses oncogenic activities. However, the precise role of each microRNA (miRNA) in the miR-106b∼25 cluster is not yet known. In this study, we examined the function of miR-93, one of the microRNAs within the miR-106b∼25 cluster, in angiogenesis and tumor formation. We(More)
Neuropeptide-Y (NPY) has been recently cloned from a goldfish cDNA library. Using a probe derived from this cDNA clone, the distribution and regulation of NPY mRNA in the goldfish brain were examined in the present study by in situ hybridization, Northern blot analysis, and ribonuclease protection assay. Frozen tissue sections from the goldfish brain and(More)
Primary Production and Precipitation Knapp and Smith (1) suggested that interannual variability in aboveground net primary production (ANPP) is not related to fluctuations in precipitation, based on analysis of data from 11 Long-Term Ecological Research sites across North America. This finding, if applicable to other regions, is crucial to climate change(More)
We have previously reported that neuropeptide-Y (NPY) stimulates GH and gonadotropin-II (GtH-II) release from perifused pituitary fragments in the goldfish. Since the teleost pituitary is directly innervated by neurosecretory terminals from the brain, we further investigated the possible sites of action of NPY. Both synthetic human NPY and NPY-(18-36), an(More)
Glycoprotein D (gD) is a structural component of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) envelope which is essential for virus entry into host cells. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells are one of the few cell types which are nonpermissive for the entry of many HSV strains. However, when these cells are transformed with the gene for the herpesvirus entry mediator(More)
The present study investigated the expression and regulation of GnRH and GnRH receptor (GnRHR) messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in human granulosa-luteal cells using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Granulosa-luteal cells were aspirated from preovulatory follicles obtained from women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Two sets of primers(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite progress in diagnostics and treatment of HCC, its prognosis remains poor. Emerging studies showed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have crucial regulatory roles in cancer biology. In the current study, differentially expressed lncRNAs between HCC and(More)
The entry of herpes simplex virus (HSV) into mammalian cells is a multistep process beginning with an attachment step involving glycoproteins gC and gB. A second step requires the interaction of glycoprotein gD with a cell surface molecule. We explored the interaction between gC and the cell surface by using purified proteins in the absence of detergent.(More)