Chuanzeng Zhang

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We have investigated the process by which the primitive erythroid cells develop during early vertebrate embryogenesis. Cultured Xenopus animal cap (AC) cells transiently activate the transcription of blood cell regulatory genes GATA-1 and GATA-2 but fail to commit stably to the blood lineage. By contrast, cells of the presumptive ventral marginal zone(More)
Previously, we have shown that the ventralizing factor bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) can inhibit Xenopus neurogenesis. The erythroid transcription factor GATA-1 functions downstream of the BMP-4 signaling pathway and mediates BMP-4-induced erythropoiesis. We have found that similar to BMP-4, GATA-1b inhibits neuralization of Xenopus animal cap (AC)(More)
Xenopus laevis provides an established developmental system to study the regulation of cell lineage establishment and the generation of tissue-specific patterns of gene expression. We have isolated from Xenopus erythroid cell RNA two distinct cDNA clones encoding the xGATA-1 transcription factor. We have identified, in erythroid nuclear extracts, the(More)
Articular cartilage damage is the primary cause of osteoarthritis. Very little literature work focuses on the microstructural damage mechanism of articular cartilage. In this article, a new numerical method that characterizes fluid coupling in particle model is proposed to study the damage mechanism of articular cartilage. Numerical results show that the(More)
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