Chuanyao Tong

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In rodents, acute exposure to opioids results in transient antinociception followed by longer lasting hypersensitivity to tactile or thermal stimuli, a phenomenon termed opioid-induced hyperalgesia. This hypersensitivity can be blocked or reversed by intrathecally administered cyclooxygenase inhibitors, including ketorolac, suggesting a role for spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Withdrawal thresholds in the paw are lower in younger animals, and incision further reduces these thresholds. The authors hypothesized that these differences result in part from changes in intrinsic electrophysiologic properties of large neurons. METHODS Using isolated whole dorsal root ganglion, current clamping was performed to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Efficacy of analgesics varies with the type of pain. Little is known in this regard concerning labor pain, given the ethical barriers to study in humans and the lack of surrogate animal models. To address this, the authors classified and quantified spontaneous behaviors during labor and delivery in rats and examined the effects of a known(More)
BACKGROUND Uterine cervical distension underlies labor pain, yet its neurophysiology and pharmacology of inhibition remain unexplored. The authors examined uterine cervical distension-evoked cFos immunoreactivity in rat spinal cords, and the inhibitory effect of spinal cyclo-oxygenase inhibition on cFos expression. METHODS Female rats were anesthetized(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known regarding the phenotype of afferents that innervate the uterine cervix. Chronic estrogen sensitizes uterine cervical afferents to mechanical distension, but whether this reflects changes in afferent neurotransmitter or excitatory ion channel expression is unknown. The authors used immunocytochemistry to characterize uterine(More)
BACKGROUND Labor pain derives primarily from stimulation of afferents innervating the uterine cervix and lower uterine segment. The authors have previously shown that the excitability of these afferents is regulated by sex hormones and test in this study whether pregnancy also alters their excitability. METHODS After animal care committee approval,(More)
Estrogen increases reflex nocifensive responses to distension of the uterus and the urinary bladder, but estrogen's effects on afferent response to distension of the uterine cervix, the site of obstetric and some gynecologic pain, has not been studied. Here, single fiber recording of hypogastric nerve responses to uterine cervical distension were obtained(More)
Pain during labor is common and severe, as is menstrual pain, and this pain originates from the uterine cervix and is transmitted via the hypogastric nerve to the spinal cord. Prostaglandins play an important role in nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord. Pharmacologically, targeting a specific cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme isoform has as its goal to(More)
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