Learn More
The population pharmacokinetics of ustekinumab are characterized in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in 2 Phase 3 studies (PHOENIX 1 and PHOENIX 2). Serum concentration data from 1937 patients are analyzed to determine pharmacokinetic characteristics of ustekinumab and to assess factors that may contribute to their variability. The(More)
Drug development at different stages may require assessment of similarity of pharmacokinetics (PK). The common approach for such assessment when the difference is drug formulation is bioequivalence (BE), which employs a hypothesis test based on the evaluation of a 90% confidence interval for the ratio of average pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. The role of(More)
In contrast to the traditional extensive exploratory approach, the authors propose a confirmatory approach to phase III population pharmacokinetics for regulatory submissions. In their approach, they recommend a prespecified primary analysis based on phase I/II data and phase III study design. Their approach also incorporates several specific sensitivity(More)
Population pharmacokinetics (POPPK) has many important uses at various stages of drug development and approval. At the phase III stage, one of the major uses of POPPK is to identify covariate influences on human pharmacokinetics, which is important for potential dose adjustment and drug labeling. One common analysis approach is nonlinear mixed-effect(More)
The population pharmacokinetics of subcutaneously administered golimumab (50 mg or 100 mg every 4 weeks) were characterized in patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in GO-REVEAL, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. A total of 2029 serum golimumab concentrations from 337 patients were analyzed using NONMEM. A 1-compartment(More)
Golimumab is a human immunoglobulin G1κ monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity and specificity to tumor necrosis factor-α. The objective of this study was to establish an approach for exposure-response modeling for golimumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis using the American College of Rheumatology index of improvement (ACRN) as a measure(More)
BACKGROUND Target-controlled infusion (TCI) drug delivery systems deliver intravenous drugs based on pharmacokinetic models. TCI devices administer a bolus, followed by exponentially declining infusions, to rapidly achieve and maintain pseudo-steady state drug concentrations in the plasma or at the site of drug effect. Many studies have documented the(More)
Accurate exposure–response modeling is important in drug development. Methods are still evolving in the use of mechanistic, e.g., indirect response (IDR) models to relate discrete endpoints, mostly of the ordered categorical form, to placebo/co-medication effect and drug exposure. When the discrete endpoint is derived using change-from-baseline(More)
Drug development in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) has been hindered by poor translation from successful preclinical experiments to clinical efficacy. This lack of success has been attributed to the high heterogeneity of SLE patients and to the lack of understanding of disease physiopathology. Modelling approaches could be useful for supporting the(More)
In medical drug therapy, efficient dosage strategies are needed to maintain target drug concentrations. The relationship between the concentration of a drug and the dosages is often described by compartment models in which the parameters are unknown, although prior knowledge may be available and can be updated after blood samples are taken during the(More)