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BACKGROUND We have previously shown that irregular lifestyle of young Japanese female students are significantly related to their desire to be thinner. In the present study, we examined the nutritional knowledge and food habits of Chinese university students and compared them with those of other Asian populations. METHODS A self-reported questionnaire was(More)
OBJECTIVE Our primary objective is to phylogenetically characterize the supragingival plaque bacterial microbiome of children prior to eruption of second primary molars by pyrosequencing method for studying etiology of early childhood caries. METHODS Supragingival plaque samples were collected from 10 caries children and 9 caries-free children. Plaque DNA(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) that has received particular attention because of its widespread distribution in humans. Due to its chemical similarity to diethylstilbestrol, which is carcinogenic to mammals, the possible genotoxicity of BPA has already largely been evaluated. However, the results are still inconclusive(More)
Lycopene is a potent free radicals scavenger with demonstrated protective efficacy in several experimental models of oxidative damage. Trimethyltin (TMT) is an organotin compound with neurotoxic effects on the hippocampus and other limbic structures and is used to model neurodegenerative diseases targeting these brain areas. Oxidative stress is widely(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a major inflammatory mediator that exhibits actions leading to tissue destruction and hampering recovery from damage. At present, two antibodies against human TNF-alpha (hTNF-alpha) are available, which are widely used for the clinic treatment of certain inflammatory diseases. This work was undertaken to identify a(More)
Plant β-1,3-glucanases are involved in plant defense and development. In rice (Oryza sativa), 14 genes encoding putative β-1,3-glucanases have been isolated and sequenced. However, only limited information is available on the function of these β-1,3-glucanase genes. In this study, we report a detailed functional characterization of one of these genes, Osg1.(More)
We established a catalog of the mouse gut metagenome comprising ∼2.6 million nonredundant genes by sequencing DNA from fecal samples of 184 mice. To secure high microbiome diversity, we used mouse strains of diverse genetic backgrounds, from different providers, kept in different housing laboratories and fed either a low-fat or high-fat diet. Similar to the(More)
Whether exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) emitted from mobile phones can induce DNA damage in male germ cells remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a 24h intermittent exposure (5 min on and 10 min off) of a mouse spermatocyte-derived GC-2 cell line to 1800 MHz Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) signals in(More)
Cadmium is one of the most toxic metal compounds found in the environment. It is well established that Cd induces hepatotoxicity in humans and multiple animal models. Melatonin, a major secretory product of the pineal gland, has been reported to protect against Cd-induced hepatotoxicity. However, the mechanism behind this protection remains to be(More)
Extensive studies on heterosis in plants using transcriptome analysis have identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in F1 hybrids. However, it is not clear why yield in heterozygotes is superior to that of the homozygous parents or how DEGs are produced. Global allele-specific expression analysis in hybrid rice has the potential to answer these(More)