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Electroosmotic ¯ow (EOF) micropumps which use electroosmosis to transport liquids have been fabricated and used to achieve pressures in excess of 20 atm and ¯ow rates of 3.6 ml/min for 2 kV applied potentials. These pumps use deionized water as working ¯uids in order to reduce the ion current of the pump during operation and increase thermodynamic(More)
Electrokinetic flow instabilities occur under high electric fields in the presence of electrical conductivity gradients. Such instabilities are a key factor limiting the robust performance of complex electrokinetic bio-analytical systems, but can also be exploited for rapid mixing and flow control for microscale devices. This paper reports a representative(More)
In conventional dropwise condensation on a hydrophobic surface, the condensate drops must be removed by external forces for continuous operation. This Letter reports continuous dropwise condensation spontaneously occurring on a superhydrophobic surface without any external forces. The spontaneous drop removal results from the surface energy released upon(More)
—Electroosmotic (EO) micropumps use field-induced ion drag to drive liquids and achieve high pressures in a compact design with no moving parts. An analytical model applicable to planar, etched-structure micropumps has been developed. This model consists of pressure and flow relations in addition to an analytical expression that can be used to estimate the(More)
We report a self-propelled jumping phenomenon for coa-lescing drops on superhydrophobic surfaces. The spontaneous motion is powered by surface energy released upon coalescence. On a horizontal, chilled superhydrophobic surface with an apparent contact angle close to 180°, coalescing drops of water condensate spontaneously jump out of plane, against gravity.(More)
The self-cleaning function of superhydrophobic surfaces is conventionally attributed to the removal of contaminating particles by impacting or rolling water droplets, which implies the action of external forces such as gravity. Here, we demonstrate a unique self-cleaning mechanism whereby the contaminated superhydrophobic surface is exposed to condensing(More)
Liquid droplets that gather on a fine, water-repelling fiber kick themselves off the fiber as they coalesce. Launch after merging. Two droplets that merge on a fiber gain enough mechanical energy that the coalesced droplet detaches itself (sequence proceeds clockwise from top left and covers 2.4 milliseconds). Technology that removes fine liquid droplets(More)
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