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The genetic prehistory of the Baltic Sea region
While the series of events that shaped the transition between foraging societies and food producers are well described for Central and Southern Europe, genetic evidence from Northern Europe
Ancient Egyptian mummy genomes suggest an increase of Sub-Saharan African ancestry in post-Roman periods
TLDR
Analysis of mitochondrial genomes and genome-wide data sets from three individuals obtained from Egyptian mummies reveal that ancient Egyptians shared more ancestry with Near Easterners than present-day Egyptians who received additional sub-Saharan admixture in more recent times.
Analysis of 3800-year-old Yersinia pestis genomes suggests Bronze Age origin for bubonic plague
TLDR
It is proposed that several Y. pestis lineages were established during the Bronze Age, some of which persist to the present day, and genomic evidence compatible with flea-mediated transmission causing bubonic plague is found.
An updated tree of Y-chromosome Haplogroup O and revised phylogenetic positions of mutations P164 and PK4
TLDR
The phylogenetic position of recently defined markers (L127, KL1, KL2, P164, and PK4) in the background of Haplogroup O is determined and this revision evidently improved the resolving power of Y-chromosome phylogeny in East Asia.
Ancient human genome-wide data from a 3000-year interval in the Caucasus corresponds with eco-geographic regions
TLDR
The authors generate genome-wide SNP data for 45 Eneolithic and Bronze Age individuals across the Caucasus, and find distinct genetic clusters between mountain and steppe zones as well as occasional gene-flow.
Inferring human history in East Asia from Y chromosomes
TLDR
The current Y chromosome evidence suggests multiple early migrations of modern humans from Africa via Southeast Asia to East Asia to shape the genetic structure in East Asia.
Evaluating the Y chromosomal timescale in human demographic and lineage dating
TLDR
It is argued that most Y chromosomal substitution rates calculated to date have shortcomings, including a reliance on the ambiguous human-chimpanzee divergence time, insufficient sampling of deep-rooting pedigrees, and using inappropriate founding migrations, although the rates obtained from a single pedigree or calibrated with the peopling of the Americas seem plausible.
The genetic history of admixture across inner Eurasia
TLDR
Genome-wide data for 763 individuals from inner Eurasia reveal 3 admixture clines in present-day populations that mirror geography, illuminating the historic spread and mixture of peoples across the Eurasian steppe, taiga and tundra.
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