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Mammograms are one of the most widely used techniques for preliminary screening of breast cancers. There is great demand for early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer using mammograms. Texture based feature extraction techniques are widely used for mammographic image analysis. In specific, wavelets are a popular choice for texture analysis of these(More)
Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of the most common causes of visual loss among diabetes mellitus patients. Early detection and successive treatment may improve the visual acuity. DME is mainly graded into non-clinically significant macular edema (NCSME) and clinically significant macular edema according to the location of hard exudates in the macula(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which affects the nervous system. Automatic seizure detection is very important in clinical practice and has to be achieved by analyzing the Electroencephalogram (EEG). Seizures are the clinical manifestations of excessive and hypersynchronous activity of the neurons in the cerebral cortex and represent one of the most(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss among diabetic patients in developed countries. Early detection of occurrence of DR can greatly help in effective treatment. Unfortunately, symptoms of DR do not show up till an advanced stage. To counter this, regular screening for DR is essential in diabetic patients. Due to lack of enough(More)
The Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an important bio-signal representing the sum total of millions of cardiac cell depolarization potentials. It contains important insight into the state of health and nature of the disease afflicting the heart. Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to the regulation of the sinoatrial node, the natural pacemaker of the heart by the(More)
The human eye is one of the most sophisticated organs, with perfectly interrelated retina, pupil, iris cornea, lens, and optic nerve. Automatic retinal image analysis is emerging as an important screening tool for early detection of eye diseases. Uncontrolled diabetic retinopathy (DR) and glaucoma may lead to blindness. The identification of retinal(More)
The classification of epileptic electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is challenging because of high nonlinearity, high dimensionality, and hidden states in EEG recordings. The detection of the preictal state is difficult due to its similarity to the ictal state. We present a framework for using principal components analysis (PCA) and a classification method(More)
Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterized by an increased blood glucose level due to insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is common in middle aged and old people. In this work, we present a technique to analyze dynamic foot pressures images and classify them into normal, diabetes type 2 with and without neuropathy classes. Plantar pressure images(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the central vision and subsequently may lead to visual loss in people over 60 years of age. There is no permanent cure for AMD, but early detection and successive treatment may improve the visual acuity. AMD is mainly classified into dry and wet type; however, dry AMD is more common in aging population. AMD is(More)
Electrocardiogram is widely used to diagnose the congestive heart failure (CHF). It is the primary noninvasive diagnostic tool that can guide in the management and follow-up of patients with CHF. Heart rate variability (HRV) signals which are nonlinear in nature possess the hidden signatures of various cardiac diseases. Therefore, this paper proposes a(More)