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Fast and sensitive detection of epidemic virus is of the utmost importance for human being in nowadays. Various biosensors have been designed for this goal based on conjugation event between host cell glycolipids and invading virus. However, multihead glycolipids analogous to native receptors on cell surface are known to be very difficult to mimic because(More)
For the purpose of this article, iminosugars are polyhydroxylated secondary and tertiary amines in which the molecules resemble monosaccharide sugars in which the ring oxygen is replaced by the nitrogen. The bicyclic structures may biologically resemble disaccharides. Very few iminosugars have been available up to now for evaluation of their pharmaceutical(More)
L-DMDP and L-homoDMDP, the enantiomers of naturally occurring DMDP and homoDMDP have been synthesized from D-xylose derived cyclic nitrone 9. Their 3-deoxy-3-fluorinated analogues were also obtained from polyhydroxylated fluorinated cyclic nitrone 10, which was prepared from fluorinated sugar 12 in seven steps. Bioactivities of these iminosugars against(More)
(-)-Erycibelline, the dihydroxynortropane alkaloid isolated from Erycibe elliptilimba Merr. et Chun., was synthesized using a cyclic nitrone as advanced intermediate, wherein the key step was the SmI(2)-induced intramolecular reductive coupling of cyclic nitrone with aldehyde which resulted in good yield and stereoselectivity.
A novel approach to heterocyclic enamines has been developed from the formal ring transformation reaction of lactones. The synthesis comprises consecutive Reformatsky reaction of lactones and mesylation of the resulting mixture of ring-chain tautomers in a one-pot reaction, followed by cyclocondensation reaction with primary amines. The synthetic(More)
The first total synthesis of (+)-broussonetine W (4), a naturally-occurring pyrrolidine iminosugar isolated from the traditional Chinese medical plant Broussonetia kazinoki SIEB (Moraceae), has been completed through a concise synthetic route starting from the readily available d-arabinose derived cyclic nitrone 10 in 11 steps and 31% overall yield, with(More)
A general and efficient method has been developed for the synthesis of sugar-derived azepane nitrones starting from aldohexoses, with an intramolecular condensation of aldehyde and hydroxylamine as the key step. Through this strategy, each aldohexose produced a pair of azepane nitrones, which are precursors of various azepane iminosugars.
L-DMDP, prepared from D-gulonolactone, is a highly specific inhibitor of a number of plant and mammalian alpha-glucosidases [between 2 and 4 orders of magnitude more potent than the enantiomeric natural product DMDP] but is not an inhibitor of bacterial and yeast alpha-glucosidases. Additionally N-butyl-DMDP is a potent inhibitor of ceramide-specific(More)
Efficient ring closure of stable crystalline 3,5-di-O-triflates of pentofuranosides with amines to form azetidines allowed preliminary evaluation of four-ring iminosugars as glycosidase inhibitors; significant and specific inhibition of nonmammalian α-glucosidases is shown by L-xylo- and L-arabino-iminosugar azetidines.