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Taiwan's rubella vaccination program was launched in 1986; each schoolgirl in the third grade of junior high school received one dose of rubella (RA 27/3) vaccine. We reviewed the results of 14,090 prenatal rubella tests for primiparas from three areas of Taiwan during 2002 to 2008 to investigate seronegativity rates and titer changes. In all primiparous(More)
All life forms on earth, including humans, are constantly subjected to the universal force of gravitation, and thus to forces from within and surrounding the body. Through the study of the interaction of these forces and their effects, the form, function and motion of our bodies can be examined and the resulting knowledge applied to promote quality of life.(More)
INTRODUCTION Accumulated evidences have outlined the potential relation between insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. The impaired ability of endothelium to synthesize or release nitric oxide may provide a common pathophysiological mechanism in the development of metabolic syndrome (MtS) and erectile dysfunction (ED). AIM The aim of this article(More)
Fifteen elderly subjects with bilateral medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 15 healthy elderly subjects walked and crossed obstacles with heights of 10%, 20%, and 30% of their leg lengths while sagittal angles and angular velocities of each joint were measured and their phase angles (phi) calculated. Continuous relative phase (CRP) were also obtained, i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has been shown to be effective in pain relief and anesthesia, and has been suggested for treating various kinds of functional disabilities in traditional Chinese medicine, including knee osteoarthritis (OA). The study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of acupuncture on gait patterns in patients with knee OA. METHODS Twenty(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the lifestyle, prostate volume (PV), and metabolic syndrome (MS) on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the elderly males. A total of 764 men aged greater than 40 years were enrolled. Their severities of LUTS were assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire, while their MS was diagnosed(More)
Early reduction using Pemberton's osteotomy has been suggested for treating DDH but no data on the long-term residual gait changes in such patients are available in the literature. This study aimed to bridge the gap by performing quantitative gait analysis on eleven females (age: 10.6 ± 1.0 years) who were treated for unilateral DDH using open reduction(More)
Patients after reduced developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) are at higher than normal risk of developing avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head and degenerative hip osteoarthritis (OA) that are closely related to abnormal loadings. We aimed to determine the lower limb loadings in adolescents after Pemberton's osteotomy for unilateral DDH. Eleven(More)
Hallux valgus (HV), one of the most common foot pathologies in modern society, affects not only the foot itself, but also the other lower limb joints. The purpose of the study was to investigate the kinematic and kinetic changes in the lower limb joints in patients with bilateral HV during level walking. Twelve female patients with bilateral HV and 12(More)
In addition to adipocytokines, estradiol (E2) and vitamin D have been reported to affect insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis and body weight. However, studies about the impact of E2 and vitamin D on metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still limited. The aim of this study is to clarify the roles of circulating E2 and vitamin D on the risk of MetS in(More)