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Various regularization methods have been proposed for single-orientation quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM), which is an ill-posed magnetic field to susceptibility source inverse problem. Noise amplification, a major issue in inverse problems, manifests as streaking artifacts and quantification errors in QSM and has not been comparatively evaluated(More)
Molecular sexing of the diversified avian family Strigidae is difficult. Sex identification using the intron length difference between W and Z chromosomal CHD1 genes, as visualized by agarose gel electrophoreses, often produces ambiguous results. Here we describe a simple method for sexing a variety of Strigidae species using oligonucleotide microarrays, on(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the magnetic susceptibility of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using quantitative susceptibility mapping. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ninety-four patients with relapse-remitting MS (RRMS) (37 with gadolinium-enhancing lesions and 57 with only gadolinium-nonenhancing(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of morphological and functional evaluation of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in vivo. METHODS 30 healthy volunteers underwent DTI with the jaw in the rest position, opening and clenching. Diffusion parameters of the superior head of the LPM (SHLP) and the inferior head of the LPM(More)
BACKGROUND With the advanced MRI techniques, pathologic features can be detected at an early stage and quantitatively evaluated, resulting in the advantages of early diagnosis and prompt treatment. This study aimed to determine the value of diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in detection of early ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and investigate the(More)
PURPOSE To explore the usefulness of whole-lesion histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from reduced field-of-view (r-FOV) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating malignant and benign thyroid nodules and stratifying papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) with aggressive histological features. MATERIALS AND METHODS This(More)
Sclerosteosis, characterized by the hyperostosis of cranial and tubular bones, is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary disorder caused by mutation of SOST gene. Four nonsense mutations of SOST have been identified worldwide. Here, we report two affected siblings who carried a novel nonsense mutation of SOST in a consanguineous family from China. The(More)
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) has shown its potential for anatomical and functional MRI, as it can quantify, for in vivo tissues, magnetic biomarkers and contrast agents which have differential susceptibilities to the surroundings substances. For reconstructing the QSM with a single orientation, various methods have been proposed to identify a(More)