Chu-Chin Chen

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Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood represents a novel entity of acute encephalophathy, predominantly affecting infants and young children living in Taiwan and Japan. It manifests with symptoms of coma, convulsions, and hyperpyrexia after 2 to 4 days of respiratory tract infections in previously healthy children. The hallmark of acute necrotizing(More)
Cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) is a syndrome of hyponatremia and natriuresis described in patients with intracranial diseases. We describe a 3-year-old boy with tuberculous meningitis complicated by hydrocephalus and CSWS and emphasize the different clinical presentation and management of patients with CSWS and the syndrome of inappropriate secretion(More)
Chordoma is a rare and slow-growing malignant neoplasm that arises from the embryonic notochord. It is rare to see a thoracic chordoma presenting as a posterior mediastinal mass with pleural seeding in a child. The authors report a chordoma of the thoracic spine with posterior mediastinal extension and pleural seeding in a 2-year-old boy who presented with(More)
BACKGROUND Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), an alternative method to manage patients with medically intractable epilepsy, has shown favorable results in reducing seizure relapse and improvements in quality of life. In 1997, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of this device as an adjunctive therapy for intractable seizure in adults and(More)
Agenesis of corpus callosum (ACC) often accompanies other neural migration disorders and its prognosis must take these disorders and other associated abnormalities into account. Isolated complete ACC, i.e., agenesis of corpus callosum without other central nervous system anomaly, is rare. A total of six patients, aged nine months to 15 years, with isolated(More)
Möbius syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by congenital facial weakness with impairment of ocular abduction. It is considered as a rhombencephalic disorder, and is often accompanied with hypoplasia of the pons and cerebellum. Here we report a male infant who had congenital facial asymmetry with absence of right-sided expression. Evident(More)
From October 2001 to October 2003, the authors reviewed all patients with chronic seizures taking antiepileptic drugs for more than 2 years with follow-up at the pediatric neurological clinic. They identified 31 patients who were using 3 or more drugs. Twenty-nine patients agreed to undergo a drug reduction and readjustment. The authors spent a mean period(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous catheterization is an important procedure for infant patients for a number of different purposes, including nutritional support, surgical operation, hemodynamic monitoring, and multiple lines for critical care medications. Subclavian vein catheterization (SVC) is one of the central vein catheterization techniques. SVC can be(More)
Most children with acute or chronic flaccid limb weakness have a disorder of motor unit. However, it is very important to exclude cerebral or other upper motor neuron disorders before we approach such patients as pure muscle disorders. In general, neuropathy results in distal limb weakness, myopathy manifests with proximal weakness. There are exceptions,(More)
Alexander disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized pathologically by demyelination and accumulation of eosinophilic hyaline bodies (Rosenthal fibers) within astrocytes. Demonstration of Rosenthal fibers on histological examination is considered a prerequisite for a definitive diagnosis. However, the CT and MRI scans may be highly suggestive of(More)