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The Lyn tyrosine kinase regulates inhibitory signaling in B and myeloid cells: loss of Lyn results in a lupus-like autoimmune disease with hyperactive B cells and myeloproliferation. We have characterized the relative contribution of Lyn-regulated signaling pathways in B cells specifically to the development of autoimmunity by crossing the novel(More)
Postnatal oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) self-renew, generate mature oligodendrocytes, and are a cellular origin of oligodendrogliomas. We show that the proteoglycan NG2 segregates asymmetrically during mitosis to generate OPC cells of distinct fate. NG2 is required for asymmetric segregation of EGFR to the NG2(+) progeny, which consequently(More)
Similar to epithelia, endothelial cells are linked to each other via intercellular junctional complexes including gap junctions, adherens junctions and tight junctions. While polarized epithelial cells show a high degree of spatial sorting of junctional complexes, endothelia organize their junctions randomly. For this reason the nature of endothelial(More)
Deletion of lyn, a Src-family tyrosine kinase expressed by B, myeloid, and dendritic cells (DCs), triggers lupus-like disease in mice, characterized by autoantibody production and renal immune complex deposition leading to chronic glomerulonephritis. B cells from these mice are hyperactive to antigen-receptor stimulation owing to a loss of inhibitory(More)
The junctional adhesion molecules (JAMs) have been recently described as interendothelial junctional molecules and as integrin ligands. Here we show that JAM-B and JAM-C undergo heterophilic interaction in cell-cell contacts and that JAM-C is recruited and stabilized in junctional complexes by JAM-B. In addition, soluble JAM-B dissociates soluble JAM-C(More)
The junctional adhesion molecule-C (JAM-C) was recently described as an adhesion molecule localized at interendothelial contacts and involved in leukocyte transendothelial migration. The protein JAM-C interacts with polarity complex molecules and regulates the activity of the small GTPase Cdc42. The angiogenesis process involves rearrangement of endothelial(More)
During the neoplastic progression, macrophages as well as dendritic and NK cells are attracted into the tumor site and initiate the immune response against transformed cells. They activate and present tumor antigens to T cells, which are then activated to kill tumor cells. However, tumor cells are often capable of escaping the immune machinery. As the(More)
Lyn kinase deficient mice represent a well established genetic model of autoimmune/autoinflammatory disease that resembles systemic lupus erythematosus. We report that IL-10 plays a crucial immunosuppressive role in this model, modulating the inflammatory component of the disease caused by myeloid and T-cell activation. Double-mutant lyn(-/-)IL-10(-/-) mice(More)
Leukocyte recruitment from blood to inflammatory sites occurs in a multistep process that involves discrete molecular interactions between circulating and endothelial cells. Junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-C is expressed at different levels on endothelial cells of lymphoid organs and peripheral tissues and has been proposed to regulate neutrophil(More)
Adult bone marrow is a rich reservoir of hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem and progenitor cells. Mobilization and recruitment of bone marrow-derived cells to injured or ischemic tissue or tumors endorse the initiation and maintenance of angiogenic processes in the adult by incorporating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) into the developing vasculature and(More)