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Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is virtually always associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. BCL-2 and other proteins that confer resistance to apoptosis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of malignancies including lymphomas. One EBV protein, BHRF1, is a homologue of BCL-2, whereas another, the latency(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been linked to the development of a variety of human malignancies, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, some T cell lymphomas, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, and more recently, certain cancers of the stomach and smooth muscle. This review summarizes these associations and(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane proteins, LMP1 and LMP2, are consistently expressed by the malignant Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of EBV-associated Hodgkin's disease (HD). Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to both of these proteins have been shown in the blood of EBV-seropositive individuals, yet in HD the apparent failure of(More)
Approximately 40% of Hodgkin's disease (HD) cases in Western countries carry Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the malignant Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells. HLA class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) with specificity for viral antigens expressed in H-RS cells therefore have therapeutic potential. However, a prerequisite for CTL therapy is that the(More)
A number of studies in developed countries have reported variation in the frequency of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated Hodgkin's disease (HD) with age. A 'three disease' model for HD that incorporates the EBV association, histological subtype of HD and age has recently been proposed. In this model, Hodgkin's disease of childhood and older adults is(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting data on the effect of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) on outcome in Hodgkin's disease (HD) might be due to the heterogeneous nature of this disease. In this study we have investigated whether the effect of EBV status on outcome is different between aetiologically defined age groups (15-34, 35-44, 45+ years) and also between males and(More)
We have analyzed paraffin sections from 190 patients with histologically confirmed Hodgkin's disease (HD) for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) using in situ hybridization to detect the EBV-encoded Epstein-Barr virus early RNAs (EBERs) and immunohistochemistry to identify latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) expression. EBV was present in the tumor cells(More)
Previous work has shown that locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE)-encoded effector proteins such as Tir and Map can be exported via the type III secretion system (T3SS) of Escherichia coli O157 : H7. Additionally, a family of non-LEE-encoded (Nle) effector proteins has been shown to be secreted from Citrobacter rodentium, homologues of which are located on(More)
We have used Townsend scores from postcode data to compare levels of material deprivation and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positivity for 223 patients diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease (HD) in the period 1981-1997. The presence of EBV in HD tumours was determined using in situ hybridization to target the abundantly expressed EBV early RNAs. EBV was detected in(More)