Christy-Lynn M. Cooke

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Peroxynitrite, a marker of oxidative stress, is elevated in conditions associated with vascular endothelial cell dysfunction, such as atherosclerosis, preeclampsia, and diabetes. However, the effects of peroxynitrite on endothelial cell function are not clear. The endothelium-derived enzymes nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and prostaglandin H synthase (PGHS)(More)
Cooke, Christy-Lynn M., and Sandra T. Davidge. Peroxynitrite increases iNOS through NFB and decreases prostacyclin synthase in endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 282: C395–C402, 2002. First published October 10, 2001; 10.1152/ajpcell.00295.2001.—Peroxynitrite, a marker of oxidative stress, is elevated in conditions associated with vascular(More)
During pregnancy, maternal vascular function is altered through mechanisms that remain unclear. Progesterone synthesis and metabolism are also increased. Progesterone metabolites are potent endogenous ligands for the pregnane X receptor (PXR), a nuclear receptor that induces the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes. Cytochrome P450 enzymes located(More)
A leading theory of the pathophysiology of preeclampsia is that oxidative stress induces vascular endothelial cell dysfunction. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) form when aldose sugars react nonenzymatically with proteins under conditions of oxidative stress. AGEs are circulating molecules and can generate reactive oxygen species and vascular(More)
The age at which women experience their first pregnancy has increased throughout the decades. Pregnancy has an important influence on maternal short- and long-term cardiovascular outcomes. Pregnancy at an advanced maternal age increases maternal risk of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, placenta previa and caesarian delivery; complications which predict(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a common pregnancy complication and is a leading cause of fetal morbidity and mortality. Placental hypoxia contributes to adverse fetal consequences, such as IUGR. Exposing pregnant rats to hypoxia can lead to IUGR; however, assessment of maternal vascular function in a rat model of hypoxia, and the mechanisms that(More)
The developmental origins of health and disease theory is based on evidence that a suboptimal environment during fetal and neonatal development can significantly impact the evolution of adult-onset disease. Abundant evidence exists that a compromised prenatal (and early postnatal) environment leads to an increased risk of hypertension later in life.(More)
The mechanisms underlying vascular adaptations in pregnancy remain to be fully elucidated. One of the contributory mechanisms for reduced vascular tone may be a reduction of myogenic tone. Myogenic tone was assessed as the difference between internal diameter in the presence and absence of external calcium at different intramural pressure steps (60-100(More)
Some neuropsychiatric disease, including schizophrenia, may originate during prenatal development, following periods of gestational hypoxia and placental oxidative stress. Here we investigated if gestational hypoxia promotes damaging secretions from the placenta that affect fetal development and whether a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ might(More)
Oxidative stress mediated by pro-oxidants has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular disorders. However, the effect of pro-oxidants on myogenic regulation of vascular function and the differential influence of gender is not known. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), an intracellular enzyme restricts excess pro-oxidant levels and may limit vascular(More)