Christos Tsatsanis

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Tpl2 knockout mice produce low levels of TNF-alpha when exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and they are resistant to LPS/D-Galactosamine-induced pathology. LPS stimulation of peritoneal macrophages from these mice did not activate MEK1, ERK1, and ERK2 but did activate JNK, p38 MAPK, and NF-kappaB. The block in ERK1 and ERK2 activation was causally linked(More)
Cyclooxygenease-2 (COX-2) is the key enzyme regulating the production of prostaglandins, central mediators of inflammation. The expression of cyclooxygenease-2 is induced by several extra cellular signals including pro-inflammatory and growth-promoting stimuli. All signals converge to the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) that regulate(More)
MicroRNAs regulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) target genes that contribute to the inflammatory phenotype. Here, we showed that the protein kinase Akt1, which is activated by LPS, positively regulated miRNAs let-7e and miR-181c but negatively regulated miR-155 and miR-125b. In silico analyses and transfection studies revealed that let-7e repressed(More)
Activated macrophages are described as classically activated or M1 type and alternatively activated or M2 type, depending on their response to proinflammatory stimuli and the expression of genetic markers including iNOS, arginase1, Ym1, and Fizz1. Here we report that Akt kinases differentially contribute to macrophage polarization, with Akt1 ablation giving(More)
OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-associated receptors in innate immunity that may be involved in the recognition of self antigens and the production of pathogenic autoantibodies. This study was undertaken to examine the expression and function of various TLRs in subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with(More)
evolution and can be recognized to date in both vertebrate and invertebrate species (for review, see Medzhi-tov and Janeway, 1997a, 1997b). Innate immunity is triggered by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are shared by groups of microbial patho-LPS binds the soluble LPS binding protein (LBP) and the Hellenic Pasteur Institute complex(More)
Provirus insertion in the last intron of the Tpl-2 gene in retrovirus-induced rat T-cell lymphomas results in the enhanced expression of a carboxy-terminally truncated Tpl-2 kinase. Here we show that the truncated protein exhibits an approximately sevenfold higher catalytic activity and is two- to threefold more efficient in activating the MAPK and SAPK(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a major cause of respiratory failure, with limited effective treatments available. Alveolar macrophages participate in the pathogenesis of ARDS. To investigate the role of macrophage activation in aseptic lung injury and identify molecular mediators with therapeutic potential, lung injury was induced in(More)
The genetic basis of feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-induced lymphoma was investigated in a series of 63 lymphoid tumors and tumor cell lines of presumptive T-cell origin. These were examined for virus-induced rearrangements of the c-myc, flvi-2 (bmi-1), fit-1, and pim-1 loci, for T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements, and for the presence of env(More)
The authors determined the association between metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy (mean, 11.96 weeks) and the risk of preterm birth in the mother-child cohort study ("Rhea" Study) in Crete, Greece, 2007-2009. Maternal fasting serum samples were collected, and blood pressure was measured at the time of the first major ultrasound examination (n = 625).(More)