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Surgical simulations are normally developed in a cycle of continuous refinement. This leads to high costs in simulator design and as a result to a very limited number of simulators which are used in clinical training scenarios. We propose using Surgical Workflow Analysis for a goal-oriented specification of surgical simulators. Based on Surgical Workflows,(More)
Conventional, pointer-based navigated Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) has been shown to have certain limitations: necessity of instrument change for navigation, changes in the surgeon's line-of-sight axis, and limited length of use of the navigation information. These limitations result in negative consequences regarding the surgeon's(More)
The object of the paper is to investigate intra-operative brainshift and its relation to the extent of tumor removal. Repeated T1w 3D datasets were acquired at different time points intra-operatively (T0; T1; T2...Tx) using a vertical open 0.5T MR scanner in six patients with intracranial tumor. An offline analysis with initial linear registration,(More)
OBJECTIVE Spheno-orbital meningiomas represent a delicate subtype of intracranial meningiomas involving the sphenoid wing, orbit and important neurovascular structures such as cavernous sinus, carotid artery or optic nerve. Insidious and aggressive dural, bone and orbital involvement contains several defiances to adequate resection, which provides high(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines the feasibility of a navigation-controlled (NC) drill for surgery on the petrosal bone in an experimental environment. According to the principle of NC, the drill is to be switched off automatically once the borders of the workspace are exceeded during a mastoidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The registration is based on an(More)
Patients with supratentorial high-grade glioma underwent surgery within a vertically open 0.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) system to evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative MR guidance in achieving gross-total resection. For 31 patients, preoperative clinical data and MR findings were consistent with the putative diagnosis of a high-grade glioma, in 23 cases(More)
Intra-operative ultrasound (iUS) can generate 2D images in real-time as well as near real-time 3D datasets of the current situation during an intervention. Tracked ultrasound can locate the images in 3D space and relate them to patient, devices, andpre-operative planning data. Therefore, tracked US is an efficient means for controlling the validity of(More)
Force feedback increases the effectiveness of virtual-reality surgery training systems. An overview of the fundamentals of applying force feedback is presented. An impedance control technique and data processing methods for stability preservation are illustrated. A flexible interface for general force-feedback applications has been developed. This interface(More)
PURPOSE To present an advanced approach for intraoperative image guidance in an open 0.5 T MRI and to evaluate its effectiveness for neurosurgical interventions by comparison with a dynamic scan-guided localization technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS The built-in scan guidance mode relied on successive interactive MRI scans. The additional advanced mode(More)