Christos S Mantzoros

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OBJECTIVE In mouse, PGC1-α overexpression in muscle stimulates an increase in expression of FNDC5, a membrane protein that is cleaved and secreted as a newly identified hormone, irisin. One prior study has shown that FNDC5 induces browning of subcutaneous fat in mice and mediates beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism, but a more recent study using(More)
Diabetes mellitus has been associated with an increased risk of several types of cancers, but its relationship with breast cancer remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies to assess the evidence regarding the association between diabetes and risk of breast cancer. Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of overall dietary patterns that reflect actual eating behaviors on mortality caused by cardiovascular or other chronic diseases is largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We prospectively evaluated the relation between dietary patterns and risk of cardiovascular, cancer, and all-cause mortality among 72,113 women who were free of(More)
CONTEXT Irisin, a recently identified hormone, has been proposed to regulate energy homeostasis and obesity in mice. Whether irisin levels are associated with risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), cardiometabolic variables, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in humans remains unknown. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the associations between(More)
CONTEXT Current epidemiological evidence suggests an association between obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and colorectal cancer risk. Adiponectin is a hormone secreted by the adipose tissue, and serum levels are inversely correlated with obesity and hyperinsulinemia. While there is evidence of an association between circulating adiponectin levels and colorectal(More)
There is considerable epidemiological evidence that shift work is associated with increased risk for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, perhaps the result of physiologic maladaptation to chronically sleeping and eating at abnormal circadian times. To begin to understand underlying mechanisms, we determined the effects of such misalignment(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone, is closely and inversely associated with insulin resistance and was recently found to be inversely and independently associated with endometrial cancer. Because insulin resistance in the setting of obesity has also been associated with the development of breast cancer, we have hypothesized that decreased(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for breast cancer. We hypothesized that obesity-induced decreases in total and/or high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin levels may underlie this association. METHODS We measured serum total and HMW adiponectin in a hospital-based case-control study of 74 female breast cancer patients and 76 controls. In(More)
Diabetes has been associated with a statistically significantly increased risk of endometrial cancer in most, but not all studies. To provide a quantitative assessment of the association between diabetes and risk of endometrial cancer, we conducted a meta-analysis of case-control studies and cohort studies. We identified studies by a literature search of(More)
BACKGROUND Disruptions in hypothalamic-gonadal and other endocrine axes due to energy deficits are associated with low levels of the adipocyte-secreted hormone leptin and may result in hypothalamic amenorrhea. We hypothesized that exogenous recombinant leptin replacement would improve reproductive and neuroendocrine function in women with hypothalamic(More)