Christos S Akratos

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The aim of this paper is to examine if artificial neural networks (ANNs) can predict nitrogen removal in horizontal subsurface flow (HSF) constructed wetlands (CWs). ANN development was based on experimental data from five pilot-scale CW units. The proper selection of the components entering the ANN was achieved using principal component analysis (PCA),(More)
A water quality monitoring program was undertaken from June 2004 to May 2005, on a monthly basis, in Polyphytos Reservoir of Aliakmon River. Depth, water temperature, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH and transparency (Secchi disk) were measured in situ, while collected water samples were analyzed in the laboratory for the determination of BOD, COD, total(More)
A 32-month monitoring program is presented in a vertical flow constructed wetland facility, located in North Greece. The monitoring campaigns were organized every 15 days. Water quality samples were collected at the inlet, at four intermediate points (i.e., at the end of each treatment stage) and at the outlet of the system. Temperature, electrical(More)
Two constructed wetland systems, treating domestic wastewater, are compared in terms of performance and costs. One is a free water surface (FWS) wetland system located in Pompia, Crete, south Greece, and the other one is a vertical subsurface flow (VSF) wetland system located in Comati, Chalkidiki, north Greece. The FWS system is designed for 1200 p.e. Its(More)
Thirteen field campaigns were undertaken in the period from December 2,2002 until September 1,2004 to collect water samples in order to characterize the quality of rainfall and roof drainage in the city of Xanthi, a typical provincial city in Greece. In each campaign, water samples were collected from 10 representative sites in the city (in total 130(More)
In the present study, indigenous microorganisms from industrial sludge were used to reduce the activity of Cr(VI). Molasses, a by-product of sugar processing, was selected as the carbon source (instead of sugar used in a previous work) as it is a low-cost energy source for bioprocesses. Initially, experiments were carried out in suspended growth batch(More)
Vassova lagoon is a typical Mediterranean (small, shallow, micro-tidal, well-mixed) coastal lagoon, receiving limited seasonal freshwater inflows from direct precipitation and underground seepage. An intensive study was carried out in order to quantify the mechanisms responsible for the intra-tidal and residual transport of water, salt, nutrients and(More)
EXTENDED ABSTRACT The removal of chromium from water and wastewater has caused increased research interest in recent years. Chromium exists in the environment mainly in one of two valence states: a) trivalent Cr(III), and b) hexavalent Cr(VI) form. Cr(VI) enters the environment primarily through industrial processes including the production of steel and(More)
The bioreduction of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution was carried out using suspended growth and packed-bed reactors under a draw-fill operating mode, and horizontal subsurface constructed wetlands. Reactors were inoculated with industrial sludge from the Hellenic Aerospace Industry using sugar as substrate. In the suspended growth reactors, the(More)