Christos Rizos

Learn More
AIM OF THE STUDY The increase in physician-reported diabetes following rosuvastatin treatment in the Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin study has raised concerns whether this statin exerts a detrimental effect on glucose metabolism. We assessed the effect of rosuvastatin treatment across dose(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a rising cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A number of studies have also identified diabetic patients as having increased risk for the development of cancer. Metformin is a widely prescribed antidiabetic drug with an established efficacy coupled with a favorable safety profile and low cost. An increasing number of(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. An early and accurate diagnosis of HCV infection is important for the prevention of viral transmission and the management of ESRD patients on HD but conventional ELISA and PCR have often failed to reveal(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent for enteric non-A, non-B hepatitis. Transmission is mainly via the fecal-oral route but the possibility of an additional parenteric transmission has been raised. Patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) have an increased risk of exposure to blood transmitted agents. Previous studies concerning prevalence(More)
Hypertension plays a major role in the development and progression of micro- and macrovascular disease. Moreover, increased blood pressure often coexists with additional cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance. As a result the need for a comprehensive management of hypertensive patients is critical. However, the various antihypertensive drug(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance and hyperglycemia characterize type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is usually accompanied by concomitant disorders, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. Thiazolidinediones are antidiabetic drugs that increase insulin sensitivity by activating the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor(More)
PURPOSE Before endoscopic mucosal resection of large sessile colorectal polyps, injection of solution into submucosa cushions and isolates the tumor, although there is little information as to which solution with optimal effect should be used. This study investigated the effectiveness of endoscopic mucosal resection by use of a hypertonic dextrose plus(More)
BACKGROUND Statin therapy has been reported to be associated with new-onset diabetes. Angiotensin II-receptor blockers (ARBs) are effective antihypertensive drugs that have been reported to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) to differing extents, with favorable effects on glucose metabolism and the incidence of new-onset(More)
Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) usually have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. We determined the HDL distribution profile as well as the HDL-related lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (HDL-LpPLA2) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activities in subjects with MetS (n = 189) but otherwise healthy. Age and sex-matched individuals (n(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are widely used antidiabetic drugs with proven efficacy regarding mainly surrogate markers of diabetes management. However, efficacy on surrogate markers may not always translate into benefits in clinical outcomes. Thiazolidinediones are usually well tolerated; however, their use may be associated with several adverse(More)